340mm/45 Modèle 1912 gun
|340mm/45 Modèle 1912 gun|
Main guns of the Provence
|Place of origin||France|
|Wars||First World War, Second World War|
|Shell||separate charges and shell|
While the calibres of the naval guns of the French Navy were usually very close to those of their British counterparts,[a] the calibre of 340 mm is specific to the French Navy.
The built-up gun was designed to be carried by the Normandie and Lyon classes in quadruple gun turrets, but no ship of these types was completed as a battleship. They were carried by the Bretagne-class battleships in twin turrets.
Coast Defence Gun
During Operation Dragoon, the Free French battleship Lorraine was one of the units engaged with 'Big Willie', ex-French turret battery controlling the approaches to Toulon. 'Big Willie' was armed with the guns taken from the French battleship Provence, as a replacement for the original guns, sabotaged by its French crews, making this an unusual instance of both sides of an engagement using the 340mm/45 Modèle 1912 gun.
Weapons of comparable role, performance and era
- BL 13.5 inch Mk V naval gun British equivalent
Notes and references
- The 380mm is close to the British 15 inch, the 330mm to the 13 inch and the 305mm to the 12 inch.
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