37th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment
|37th Regiment Illinois Volunteer Infantry "Fremont Rifles"|
Illinois state flag
|Active||September 18, 1861, to May 15, 1866|
|Engagements||Battle of Pea Ridge
Battle of Prairie Grove
Siege of Vicksburg
The 37th Illinois Infantry was organized at Chicago, Illinois and mustered into Federal service on September 18, 1861.
Battle of Elkhorn Tavern / Pea Ridge
The Regiment suffered casualties of the 54 members of Company A: 5 killed, 4 mortally wounded and 24 wounded.
The regiment was mustered out on May 15, 1866.
Total strength and casualties
The regiment suffered 7 officers and 91 enlisted men who were killed in action or who died of their wounds and 5 officers and 164 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 267 fatalities.
- Colonel Julius White - mustered on September 18, 1861; promoted to Brigadier General on June 9, 1862.
- Colonel Myron S. Barnes - dismissed on disability on November 20, 1862.
- Colonel John C. Black - resigned August 15, 1866 (as Brig. General).
- Colonel Ransom Kennicott - mustered out with the regiment (as Lt. Colonel).
- Dyer, Frederick H. (1908). A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. Des Moines, IA: The Dyper Publishing Company. p. 1062.
Organized at Decatur, 111., July 3, 1861, and accepted by the Secretary of War as G. A. Smith's Independent Regiment July 23, 1861. Moved to Jefferson Barracks, Mo., August 4–5. Mustered In at St. Louis, Mo., August 28, 1861. Moved to Jefferson City, Mo., September 15, thence to Ottervllle September 25, and to Sod alia October 15. Fremont's Campaign against Springfield, Mo., October 15-November 8. Attached to Dept. of Missouri to January, 1862. 1st Brigade, Army of Southwest Missouri, to March, 1862. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Army of the Southwest Missouri, to June, 1862. 1st Brigade, 4th Division, Army of Mississippi, to September, 1862. 32nd Brigade, 9th Division, Army of the Ohio, to October, 1862. 32nd Brigade, 9th Division, 3rd Army Corps, Army Ohio, to November, 1862. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, Right Wing 14th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to January, 1863. 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Army Corps, Army of the Cumberland, to October, 1863. 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 4th Army Corps, to September, 1864.
- Ketzle, Henry. "Diary of Henry Ketzle, Company A, 37th Illinois Volunteer Infantry". Civil War Diary of Henry Carl Ketzle. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
- Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. 1. Springfield, IL: Baker, Bailhache & Company. 1867. p. 599.
- Arnold, Bruce Makoto. "A Horse to Live and a Greyhound to Die: Early Civil War Experiences of Robert and James Thompson." Details the lives of two brothers, one of whom served in the 37th Illinois.
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