72nd Field Artillery Brigade (United States)

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72nd Field Artillery Brigade
72nd fa bde a.jpg
Shoulder sleeve insignia
Active 1917–19
Country United States
Branch Army
Type Field artillery
Size Brigade
Garrison/HQ Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst
Battle honours World War I
World War II
Commander COL John Lange
Command Sergeant Major CSM Stephen W. Bower
Distinctive unit insignia 72 FA Bde DUI.jpg

The 72nd Field Artillery Brigade is an AC/RC unit based at Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey. The unit is responsible for training selected United States Army Reserve and National Guard units along the East coast. The brigade is a subordinate unit of First Army Division East, First United States Army.


World War I[edit]

under construction

World War II[edit]

Reactivated in 1940, the brigade was formed with a 155mm gun regiment and two 155mm howitzer regiments. Between June and August 1941, the brigade formed a provisional 72nd Antitank Battalion using assets from the antitank batteries and platoons of the regiments. Activated 5 August 1941, the battalion participated in the Second Army (United States) Maneuvers along with 2nd Battalion, 119th Field Artillery, as part of VII Army Corps.[1]

Cold War[edit]

From 1 June 1958 until 15 May 1992, the brigade served as part of VII Corps Artillery in Germany.[2]

Global War on Terror[edit]

The brigade was reactivated on 1 December 2006 by reflagging the 5th Brigade, 78th Division. As an AC/RC unit subordinate to 1First Army Division East, the brigade plans, coordinates, and enables post-mobilization, pre-deployment training in support of specified U.S. Army Reserve, Army National Guard, Navy, Air Force and Coast Guard units. On order, 72nd Field Artillery Brigade provides pre-mobilization training assistance within its capabilities for Army Reserve and Army National Guard units.[3]

Lineage & honors[edit]


  • Constituted 24 October 1917 in the National Army as the 349th Field Artillery and assigned to the 92d Division
  • Organized 2 November 1917 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
  • Demobilized 17 March 1919 at Camp Dix, New Jersey
  • Reconstituted 4 September 1930 in the Organized Reserves as the 349th Field Artillery
  • Withdrawn 1 August 1940 from the Organized Reserves, allotted to the Regular Army, and activated at Fort Sill, Oklahoma
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery reorganized and redesignated 1 March 1943 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 349th Field Artillery Group (remainder of regiment – hereafter separate lineages)
  • Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 349th Field Artillery Group, inactivated 26 May 1946 in Germany
  • Redesignated 5 February 1947 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Field Artillery Group
  • Activated 17 December 1954 in Germany
  • Redesignated 1 June 1958 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Artillery Group
  • Redesignated 15 March 1972 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Field Artillery Group
  • Redesignated 1 September 1980 as Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 72d Field Artillery Brigade
  • Inactivated 15 May 1992 in Germany
  • Headquarters activated 1 December 2006 at Fort George G. Meade, Maryland

Campaign participation credit[edit]

  • World War I: Lorraine, 1918
  • World War II: Rhineland; Central Europe


See also[edit]


  1. ^ United States Army, Pictorial review Seventy-second Field Artillery Brigade, Army of the United States, 1941 (1941). World War Regimental Histories. Book 86. <http://digicom.bpl.lib.me.us/ww_reg_his/86>.
  2. ^ http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/army/72fa-bde.htm
  3. ^ http://www.first.army.mil/diveast/content.aspx?ContentID=118

External links[edit]