7th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment

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7th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry
Flag of Michigan.svg
Michigan state flag
Active August 22, 1861, to July 5, 1865
Country United States
Allegiance Union
Branch Infantry
Engagements First Battle of Bull Run
Peninsular Campaign
Second Battle of Bull Run
Battle of Chantilly
Battle of Antietam
Battle of Fredericksburg
Battle of Chancellorsville
Battle of Gettysburg
Battle of Bristoe Station
Battle of the Wilderness
Battle of Spotsylvania Court House
Battle of Cold Harbor
Siege of Petersburg
Appomattox Campaign

The 7th Regiment Michigan Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment that served in the Union Army during the American Civil War.


The 7th Michigan Infantry was organized at Monroe, Michigan and mustered into Federal service for a three-year enlistment on August 22, 1861. Among the ranks was future brigadier general Henry Baxter, who was captain of Company C.

The 7th was assigned to the Army of the Potomac soon after it was formed and served in the 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps, for the duration of the war. Sister regiments in the 3rd Brigade included the 19th Massachusetts, 20th Massachusetts, 42nd New York, and 59th New York.

Infantryman William Rufus Shafter was wounded at the Battle of Fair Oaks; he later received the Medal of Honor for heroism during the battle.

The 7th was one of the first regiments to cross the Rappahannock River on Dec. 11th, 1862 while under fire from Confederate sharpshooters hidden in the buildings of Fredericksburg.

In July 1862, Norman J. Hall, a Regular Army artilleryman assumed command of the regiment and led it until he was promoted to brigade command before the Battle of Gettysburg.

The regiment was mustered out on July 5, 1865.

Total strength and casualties[edit]

The regiment suffered 11 officers and 197 enlisted men who were killed in action or mortally wounded and 3 officers and 186 enlisted men who died of disease, for a total of 397 fatalities.[1]


Lt Colonel Amos Steele, Major Sylvanus W. Curtiss

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.civilwararchive.com/Unreghst/unmiinf1.htm The Civil War Archive website after Dyer, Frederick Henry. A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion. 3 vols. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1959.