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Гильза от патрона 9 на 53 мм R (СССР).JPG
Place of originSoviet Union
Service history
In service1962–present[1]
Used bySoviet Union, Russia
Production history
DesignerM.N. Blum
Produced1962–1977, 1990s-present
Parent case7.62×54mmR
Case typeRimmed
Bullet diameter9.22[3]
Neck diameter9.86 mm (0.388 in)
Shoulder diameter11.63 mm (0.458 in)
Base diameter12.42 mm (0.489 in)
Rim diameter14.48 mm (0.570 in)
Rim thickness1.575 mm (0.0620 in)
Case length53 mm (2.1 in)
Overall length67.8 mm (2.67 in)
Maximum pressure254.80 MPa[4]
Ballistic performance
Bullet mass/type Velocity Energy
15[2] LVE 640 m/s (2,100 ft/s) 3,072 J (2,266 ft⋅lbf)

The Soviet 9×53mmR rifle cartridge was designed for hunting in the USSR. It is a 7.62×54mmR necked up to accommodate a larger bullet.[5] Two bullet types are available:[6]

  • Type A - SP for hunting 250–500 kg animals
  • Type B - FMJ for hunting 70–250 kg animals


In Soviet Union, several rifles were designed for this cartridge: self-loading carbine "Medved'" ("Медведь"), bolt-action carbine "Los'" ("Лось"), TOZ-55 "Zubr" (ТОЗ-55 "Зубр"), MTs-30-09 (МЦ-30-09) and MTs-110-09 (МЦ-110-09).

In Russian Federation, several rifles were designed for this cartridge: IJ-94 "Express" (ИЖ-94 "Экспресс");[7] "Berkut-3", "Saiga-9" (it was produced since 2001 until 2005) and VPO-103 (produced since 2005).[2]

See also[edit]



This cartridge should not be confused with 9.3×53mmR Finnish which has similar dimensions, but a slightly larger bullet (71.45 mm overall cartridge length)[8] and, more important, higher maximum pressure - 340 MPa.[9]


  • А. В. Кузьминский. Оружие для охотника: практическое пособие / под общ.ред. А. Е. Тараса М., ООО «Издательство АСТ», 2002. стр.250-251


  1. ^ (in Russian) Отечественные охотничьи боеприпасы Archived 2009-03-12 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b c ВПО-103. Второе рождение патриарха // журнал «Калибр», № 10, октябрь 2005. стр.14-22 (in Russian)
  3. ^ GOST 20809-75 Hunting Cartridges 9x53. Types and basic dimensions. p. 3
  4. ^ "LVE plant: hunting cartridges". Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2009-05-01.
  5. ^ (in Russian) Отечественные "девятки"
  6. ^ GOST 20809-75 Hunting Cartridges 9x53. Types and basic dimensions. p. 1
  7. ^ Ружьё охотничье комбинированное ИЖ-94. Паспорт ЕИФЮ.776313.002 ПС
  8. ^ 9.3x53 R Finnish
  9. ^ C.I.P. Rimmed cartridges