Alfred William "Bob" Coats (3 September 1924, Southall, West London, England – 9 April 2007, Middleton-on-Sea, Sussex, England) was a British economist, economic historian and historian of economic thought. He has made important contributions to the study of the history, methodology, sociology, professionalisation and internationalisation of economics, and has for many decades been a central figure in professional societies in these specialised fields.
Life and work
Bob Coats studied economics at the University College of the South and West (now the University of Exeter. His studies were interrupted by war service (in the RAF and as an intelligence officer in Palestine) for three and a half years who has covered a broad range of topics over his long career. He obtained his BSc and MSc at the University of London in 1948 and 1950 respectively. An English speaking Union scholarship enabled him to work in the United States on a PhD on the development of American economic thought, first at Pittsburgh University, subsequently at Johns Hopkins. He initially undertook a study into the work of John Bates Clark, but soon broadened the subject, resulting in hist thesis Methodological Controversy as an Approach to the History of American Economic Thought, 1885 - 1930 that he completed in 1953.
He returned to England that same year to accept an appointment as Lecturer in Economic History at the University of Nottingham, where he remained until his retirement in 1992, with the exception of two years as a 'founding father' of the (then) new University of York (1962–1964). Since 1964 he held a full Professorship in Economic and Social History.
Coats has introduced the 'sociology of economics' approach in Britain, moving from the organisation of economics to the role of economists in government. In this area he has edited a number of important collections of articles, mostly written by 'insiders'.
He was a very active member and organiser in the professional organisations in his fields of interest, especially through his editorial work and numerous contributions to the most important journals.
- "The Historist Reaction in English Political Economy 1870-90," Economica, 1954, N.S., 21(82), pp. 143-153
- "Is There a Structure of Scientific Revolutions in Economics?" Kyklos, 1969, 22(2), pp. 289–296. Abstract.
- (ed.) The Classical Economists and Economic Policy, 1971
- (co-ed. with R.D. Collison Black and Craufurd Goodwin) The Marginal Revolution in Economics, 1972
- (ed.) Economists in Government, an International Comparative Study, 1981
- (ed.) The Role of Economists in International Agencies: An Exploratory Study, 1986
- On the History of Economic Thought. British and American Economic Essays (vol. I), 1992
- The Sociology and Professionalisation of Economics. British and American Economic Essays (vol. II), 1993. Chapter-preview links.
- "Memoirs of an Economist Watcher", Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 1996, 18(2), pp. 250–270. Abstract.
- (ed.) The Post-1945 Internationalisation of Economics, Annual Supplement History of Political Economy, 1996
- (ed.) The Development of Economics in Western Europe after 1945, 2000
- "The Role of Economists in Government and International Agencies: A Fresh Look at the Field". History of Economics Review. 34 (1): 19–32. 2001. doi:10.1080/10370196.2001.11733356.
- In 1996 he was made a Distinguished Fellow of the History of Economics Society.
- R. Backhouse, B. Caldwell, C. Goodwin, M. Rutherford - "A. W. (Bob) Coats, 1924–2007", History of Political Economy 40(3): 421-446 (2008)
- M. Blaug (ed.) - Who's who in economics (3d edition), 1999.
- N. De Marchi - "Bob Coats and the historicizing of economic policy", in Historians of Economics and Economic Thought. The Construction of Disciplinary Memory, ed. Steven G. Medema and Warren J. Samuels, 2001.
- P. Groenewegen - "Obituary Professor A.W. (Bob) Coats", History of Economics Review, 45, Winter 2007.
- J. Maloney - "Obituary A.W. Bob Coats, 1924 - 2007", European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 15:1, March 2008.
- A History of the HOPE Group, Duke University website
- A.W. Coats, Former NIAS Fellow (with 1973 photograph) Website of the Netherlands Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities and Social Sciences (Retrieved 1 December 2016)