A City is Not a Tree

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A City is Not a Tree
AuthorChristopher Alexander
SeriesCenter for Environmental Structure
PublisherSustasis Foundation
Publication date
Preceded byThe Battle for the Life and Beauty of the Earth 

A City is Not a Tree is a widely cited [1] 1965 essay (later published as a book) by the architect and design theorist Christopher Alexander, first published in the journal Architectural Forum, and re-published many times since.[2] In 2015 the essay was published as a book including new exegesis commentaries on the original essay from other architects, engineers and physicists.[3] A City is Not a Tree has been widely described as a landmark text, and the Resource for Urban Design Information calls it "one of the classic references in the literature of the built environment and related fields".[4]


  1. ^ "Google Scholar". scholar.google.com. Retrieved 2017-09-29.
  2. ^ Alexander, C. (1965) A City is Not a Tree. Architectural Forum, Vol 122, No 1, April 1965, pp 58-62
  3. ^ Alexander, C. et al., 2015, A City is Not a Tree. Portland: Sustasis Press.
  4. ^ "Transportxtra - Topics >". www.rudi.net. Retrieved 2017-09-29.