A Time to Kill (1996 film)
|A Time to Kill|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Joel Schumacher|
|Produced by||Arnon Milchan
|Screenplay by||Akiva Goldsman|
|Based on||A Time to Kill
by John Grisham
Samuel L. Jackson
Charles S. Dutton
|Music by||Elliot Goldenthal|
|Cinematography||Peter Menzies Jr.|
|Edited by||William Steinkamp|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Budget||$40 million (est)|
A Time to Kill is a 1996 drama film adaptation of John Grisham's 1989 novel of the same name, directed by Joel Schumacher. Matthew McConaughey, Sandra Bullock, Samuel L. Jackson, and Kevin Spacey star, with Oliver Platt, Ashley Judd, Kiefer and Donald Sutherland, and Patrick McGoohan appearing in supporting roles.
Set in Canton, Mississippi, the film involves the rape of a young girl, the arrest of the rapists, their subsequent murder by the girl's father, and the father's trial for murder. The film was a critical and commercial success, making nearly $150 million at the U.S. box office.
||This article's plot summary may be too long or excessively detailed. (December 2013)|
Two white racists, Billy Ray Cobb and James Louis 'Pete' Willard, rape Tonya Hailey, a 10-year-old black girl.
Tonya's father, Carl Lee Hailey (Samuel L. Jackson), contacts Jake Brigance (Matthew McConaughey), a white lawyer. Brigance admits the possibility that the rapists will walk free. Carl Lee goes to the county courthouse and opens fire, killing both rapists and unintentionally injuring Deputy Looney. Carl Lee is arrested. Brigance agrees to defend Carl Lee.
The rape and subsequent revenge killing gain national media attention. The Ku Klux Klan begins to organize in the area. Freddie Lee Cobb (Kiefer Sutherland), the brother of Billy Ray, calls Brigance and makes death threats. The district attorney, Rufus Buckley (Kevin Spacey), decides to seek the death penalty, and presiding Judge Omar Noose denies Brigance a change of venue. Brigance seeks help for his defense team, close friend Harry Rex Vonner and former mentor and long-time liberal activist Lucien Wilbanks, a once-great civil rights lawyer.
Brigance is approached by Ellen Roark (Sandra Bullock), a law student from Massachusetts and member of the ACLU. Brigance is reluctant to accept Ellen's help but agrees to let her help with the case. The Klan burns a cross on Brigance's lawn. The police evacuate Brigance's family from their house. One of the Klan members warns Brigance of an upcoming attack. Brigance finds a bomb. Brigance throws the bomb away before it explodes. Brigance sends his wife and daughter away.
As the trial begins, the KKK marches down Canton's streets and meets a large group of mostly black protesters at the courthouse. A brawl ensues between the KKK and the black protesters. Brigance goes home but arsonists have burned down his house, nearly killing his dog Max in the process. The next morning, as the Mississippi National Guard is called in, Harry Rex arrives at the remains of the Brigance home and tells Brigance that it is time to quit the case. Brigance argues that to quit now would make his sacrifices meaningless. The jury secretly discusses the case. All but one are leaning toward a guilty verdict.
Freddie Lee Cobb shoots at Brigance as he exits the courthouse, but misses. Roark is kidnapped by Klansmen, beaten, tied to a stake and left to die. She is saved by one of the Klansmen. Out of options, Brigance goes to see Carl Lee in his jail cell and advises copping a guilty plea. Carl Lee refuses and rejects Brigance's notions of race and justice, noting that although Brigance considers himself a "friend" to Carl Lee, Brigance has never visited his home and that "Our kids will never play together." He tells Brigance to sway the jury by presenting to them whatever argument it would take to get Brigance himself to vote for acquittal, were Brigance a member of that jury.
During closing arguments, Brigance tells the jury to close their eyes and listen to a story. He describes, in slow and painful detail, the rape of a young 10-year-old girl, mirroring the story of Tonya's rape. He then asks the jury, in his final comment, to "now imagine she's white." It is implied that the father's motive in murdering the rapists would have been seen by the public as justified, and there would have been no prosecution.
The argument Brigance then makes is that if the jury can—at any time—be compelled to spare the life of a white man for a vengeful murder, then they must do the same for a black man. After deliberation, an African-American child runs out of the courthouse and screams, "He's innocent!" Jubilation ensues amongst the supporters outside. The KKK, enraged, becomes violent again. Sheriff Ozzie Walls arrests Freddie Lee, as well as a racist deputy. The movie ends when Brigance brings his wife and daughter to a family cookout at Carl Lee's house.
- Matthew McConaughey as Jake Brigance
- Sandra Bullock as Ellen Roark
- Samuel L. Jackson as Carl Lee Hailey
- Kevin Spacey as Rufus Buckley
- Brenda Fricker as Ethel Twitty
- Oliver Platt as Harry Rex Vonner
- Charles S. Dutton as Ozzie Walls
- Ashley Judd as Carla Brigance
- Patrick McGoohan as Judge Omar Noose
- Kiefer Sutherland as Freddie Lee Cobb
- Donald Sutherland as Lucien Wilbanks
- John Diehl as Tim Nunley
- Doug Hutchison as James Louis "Pete" Willard
- Nicky Katt as Billy Ray Cobb
- Chris Cooper as Dwayne Looney
- Anthony Heald as Dr. Wilbert Rodeheaver
- Kurtwood Smith as Stump Sisson
- Rae'Ven Larrymore Kelly as Tonya Hailey
- M. Emmet Walsh as Dr. Willard Tyrell Bass
Box office performance
According to Boxofficemojo.com, the movie performed well, earning over $108 million domestically.
The film received mostly positive reviews from critics, earning a 67% "Fresh" rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 51 reviews, a critical consensus reading: "Overlong and superficial, A Time to Kill nonetheless succeeds on the strength of its skillful craftsmanship and top-notch performances". It has a score of 54 out of 100 on Metacritic, based on 21 reviews.
James Berardinelli gave the film three stars out of four, calling it "involving, energetic, and occasionally thought-provoking". Roger Ebert also gave the film three stars out of four, saying: "I was absorbed by A Time to Kill, and found the performances strong and convincing," and added that "this is the best of the film versions of Grisham novels, I think, and it has been directed with skill by Joel Schumacher."
The film was not without its detractors, however. Anthony Puccinelli gave the film one star, calling it "worthless" and remarking: "A Time to Kill argues for vigilantism but disguises its message by making the vigilante black, allowing viewers to think their blood lust and thirst for revenge is actually empathy for the oppressed." Peter Travers felt that "they [Schumacher and screenwriter Akiva Goldsman] cram[med] in too much," adding, "This distracts from the heart of the picture, which is in the bond between Carl Lee (the brilliant [Samuel L.] Jackson is quietly devastating) and Jake, a husband and father who knows he, too, would have shot anyone who raped his little girl."
Grisham enjoyed the film, remarking: "When all was said and done I was happy with it, happy we were able to find a kid like Matthew McConaughey. It wasn't a great movie, but it was a good one."
Reaction in France
In France, the film has been the subject of much controversy. Critics have accused the movie of making an apology for the death penalty and right of self-defense. A question mark was added at the end of the title ("Le Droit de tuer ?"/"The Right to Kill ?") so as not to shock the audience. Amnesty International France uses the word "disturbing" when referring to the film in one of its documents.[not in citation given] Les Inrockuptibles described the film as "nauseating", "stinking", almost "fascist", with a script "ultra-populist" that makes you want to "vomit". Libération criticized the script, calling it "extremely dirty": the movie, says the newspaper, "militates in favour of the black cause only to legitimize, after many plot buckles (resurrection of the Ku Klux Klan, the deceits of court, threats [of m]any kinds) the mentally ill gesture of the avenging father". According to Libération, the movie "justifies the indefensible" with a "dripping sentimentalism".
- Golden Globe - Best Supporting Actor - Samuel L. Jackson - Nominated
- NAACP Image Award - Best Supporting Actor in a film - Samuel L. Jackson - Nominated
- Blockbuster Entertainment Award - Favorite Actress - Suspense - Sandra Bullock - Won
- MTV Movie Awards - Best Female Performance - Sandra Bullock - Nominated
- MTV Movie Awards - Best Breakthrough Performance - Matthew McConaughey - Won
- Razzie Award - Worst Written Film Grossing Over $100 Million - Akiva Goldsman - Nominated
- Stinkers Bad Movie Awards - Worst Supporting Actress - Brenda Fricker - Nominated
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (April 2013)|
|A Time to Kill|
|Soundtrack album by Elliot Goldenthal|
|Released||August 20, 1996|
|Genre||Classical, avant-garde, modernist|
|Elliot Goldenthal chronology|
- "Defile and Lament" – 2:33
- "Consolation" – 2:23
- "Justice Wheel" – 0:46
- "Pavane for Solace" – 2:29
- "Abduction" – 2:58
- "An Asurrendering" – 1:35
- "Pavane for Loss" – 1:07
- "Take My Hand Precious Lord & Retribution" by The Jones Sisters – 6:50
- "Torch and Hood" – 2:02
- "Pressing Judgement" – 1:29
- "White Sheet" – 2:38
- "Pavane for Solace" (piano solo) – 2:06
- "Verdict Fanfare" (For Aaron) – 4:03
- "Take My Hand Precious Lord" – 4:03
- Music composed by Elliot Goldenthal (except 8 and 14)
- Music produced by Matthias Gohl
- Orchestrated by Robert Elhai and Elliot Goldenthal
- Conducted by Jonathan Sheffer
- Recorded and mixed by Joel Iwataki
- Electronic music produced by Richard Martinez
- Additional orchestrations by Deniz Hughes
- "A Time to Kill - Box Office Data". The Numbers. Retrieved 8 August 2011.
- A Time to Kill at Box Office Mojo
- A Time to Kill Movie Reviews, Pictures - Rotten Tomatoes
- A Time to Kill Reviews, Ratings, Credits, and More at Metacritic
- Review: A Time to Kill
- "A Time To Kill". Chicago Sun-Times.
- Chicago Reader
- "Movie Reviews and Ratings from Peter Travers | Rolling Stone Movies". Rollingstone.com. Retrieved 2013-12-12.
- "Grisham v. Grisham: John Grisham issues judgment on ALL his novels" Tina Jordan, Entertainment Weekly, Feb 13, 2004
- Le Droit de tuer ? (1996) - AlloCiné
- A time to kill - Cinémathèque française
- Les Inrocks : Le Droit de tuer ?
- CINEMA. Sur fond de conflit racial et d'autodéfense, un «Droit de - Libération
- A Time to Kill (1996 film) at AllMusic
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: A Time to Kill (1996 film)|
- A Time to Kill at the Internet Movie Database
- A Time to Kill at AllMovie
- A Time to Kill at the TCM Movie Database
- A Time to Kill at Box Office Mojo
- A Time to Kill at Rotten Tomatoes
- A Time to Kill at Metacritic