Adam's Grave

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Cattle on the side of Woodborough Hill. Adam's Grave breast shaped hill and Walkers Hill on the skyline

Adam's Grave was a Neolithic long barrow near Alton Barnes in Wiltshire, southwest England. It has been scheduled as an ancient monument.[1]

The barrow is considered to be of the Severn-Cotswold tomb type.[2] These generally consist of long, precisely built trapezoidal earth mounds covering burial chambers. Because of this they are a type of chambered long barrow. The chamber, made of sarsen stones, contained partial human skeletons. An arrowhead was also recovered.[1] There is a breast shaped hill in the spot with the remains of the barrow being 70 metres (230 ft) long and around 7 metres (23 ft) high with ditches on either side.[3] It was partially excavated by John Thurnam in 1860.[1] The area around Adam's Grave has a high density of long barrows and is important because of its archaeological potential.[1]

The arrangement of stones around the site suggests there was once a kerb or forecourt.[4] They are known as ‘Old Adam and ‘Little Eve’ and are near the original entrance to the barrow. According to folklore the barrow is the grave of a giant and his ghost has been reported.[5][6] Associations with Avebury have also been suggested.[7]

In the Anglo-Saxon period it was known as "Woden's Burg" and the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records two battles at the site in 592 and 715.[8][9][10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Adam's Grave: a long barrow on Walker's Hill". National Heritage List for England. Historic England. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  2. ^ Clarke, Bob (2013). Prehistoric Wiltshire: An Illustrated Guide. Amberley. ISBN 9781445623900. 
  3. ^ "Adam's Grave". Ancient Wisdom. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Adam's Grave". Stone Circles. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  5. ^ "Adam's Grave". Haunted Wiltshire. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  6. ^ Wills, Keith (2014). Haunted Wiltshire. The History Press. ISBN 9780750955188. 
  7. ^ Range, Katherine. "A Prehistoric A-Z: Adam's Grave". The Heritage Journal. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  8. ^ "Adam's Grave, AD592 & AD715". The Ravens Warband. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  9. ^ Jebson, Tony. "Manuscript E: Bodleian MS Laud 636". The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 
  10. ^ "Battle of Woden's Barrow AD 592". Pastscape. Historic England. Retrieved 3 September 2016. 

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 51°21′20″N 1°50′14″W / 51.35556°N 1.83722°W / 51.35556; -1.83722