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Aesara of Lucania (Greek: Αἰσάρα Aisara) was a conjectured Pythagorean philosopher who may have written On Human Nature, a fragment of which is preserved by Stobaeus, although the majority of critical scholars follow Holger Thesleff[1] in attributing it to Aresas,[2] a male writer from Lucania who is also mentioned by Iamblichus in his Life of Pythagoras.[3]


  1. ^ Thesleff, Holger (1961). An introduction to the pythagorean writings of the hellenistic period (in German). °Abo Akademi. Retrieved 12 July 2023.
  2. ^ "Review of: Pythagorean Women: Their History and Writings". Bryn Mawr Classical Review. ISSN 1055-7660.
  3. ^ Iamblichus, Life of Pythagoras, 266