Agartha (sometimes Agartta, Agharti, Agarath, Agarta or Agarttha) is a legendary kingdom that is said to be located in the Earth's core. It is related to the belief in a hollow Earth and is a popular subject in esotericism.
In his 1922 book Beasts, Men and Gods, explorer Ferdynand Ossendowski relates a story which was imparted to him concerning a subterranean kingdom which exists inside the Earth. This kingdom was known to a fictional Buddhists society as Agharti.
Connections to mythology
Agartha is frequently associated or confused with Shambhala which figures prominently in Vajrayana Buddhism and Tibetan Kalachakra teachings and revived in the West by Madame Blavatsky and the Theosophical Society. Theosophists in particular regard Agarthi as a vast complex of caves underneath Tibet inhabited by demi-gods, called asuras. Helena and Nicholas Roerich, whose teachings closely parallel theosophy, see Shambhala's existence as both spiritual and physical.
- Ossendowski, Ferdinand; Palen, Lewis Stanton (2003), Beasts, Men and Gods, Kessinger Publishing, p. 118, ISBN 978-0-7661-5765-1
- Eco, Umberto (5 August 2006). "Commentary: Spheres of influence". The Observer.
- Tamas, Mircea Alexandru (2003), Agarttha, the invisible center, Rose-Cross Books, ISBN 978-0-9731191-1-4
- Guenon, Rene (1958), Le Roi du Monde, Gallimard, ISBN 9780900588587
- Ferdynand Ossendowski (1922). Beasts, Men and Gods. New York: E. P. Dutton & Company.
- Greer, John Michael (2003), The New Encyclopedia of the Occult, Llewellyn Publications, ISBN 1-56718-336-0
- File:"About Shambala" N.Roerich.ogg
- Saint-Yves d’Alveydre and the Agartthian Connection, by Joscelyn Godwin.
- Map/diagram of Agharta and the Hollow Earth, based on writings of Raymond W. Bernard.
- On Edward Bulwer-Lytton: Agharta, Shambhala, Vril and the Occult Roots of Nazi Power, by Joseph George Caldwell.
- "An Algorithmic Agartha"—Essay-Contribution to Culture Machine 16, 2015 (the journal's Special-Issue on Drone Culture).Welcome to the Electrocene, An Algorithmic Agartha.