Fear of crossing streets

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The abnormal fear of crossing streets or roads is a type of specific phobia. It is sometimes called dromophobia from Greek dromos, 'running',[1] 'racetrack'.[2] or agyrophobia[3]

Causes of dromophobia[edit]

Dromophobia may result from experiencing a road accident and thus may be classified as a subtype of panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA).[4] As such, dromophobia, especially fear of crossing streets alone may be a component of accident-related posttraumatic stress disorder, as a reaction to a situation reminding the past traumatic event.[5][6] Sometimes this behavior may be misinterpreted during PTSD symptom assessment as a caution (i.e., a normal learning behavior) rather than fear (which is an abnormal avoidant behavior). [7]

Fear of crossing streets may also result from an anticipatory anxiety related to person's limited mobility due to stiff person syndrome (SPS). In fact a person with SPS crossing a street may develop attacks of increasing stiffness or spasms.[8]

Dromophobia may be present in people, especially children, with autism, since crossing a road involves complex skills, such as judging the speed of an approaching car.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dromophobia". Dictionary.com. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Dromos". Dictionary.com. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  3. ^ Szasz, Thomas (1993). A Lexicon of Lunacy. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction Publishers. p. 66. ISBN 9781560000655. 
  4. ^ Page, Andrew (1994). "Distinguishing Panic Disorder and Agoraphobia from Social Phobia". Journal of Nervous & Mental Disease. 182 (11). [page needed]
  5. ^ Kuch, Klaus (November–December 1995). "A Brief Self-Rating Scale for PTSD After Road Vehicle Accident". Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 9 (6): 503–514. 
  6. ^ Keppel-Benson, Jane M.; Ollendick, Thomas H.; Benson, Mark J. (February 2002). "Post-Traumatic Stress in Children Following Motor Vehicle Accidents". Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 43 (2): 203–212. doi:10.1111/1469-7610.00013. 
  7. ^ Scheeringa, Michael S. (2011). "PTSD in Children Younger than the Age of 13". Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma. 4 (3): 181–197. doi:10.1080/19361521.2011.597079.  Also in: Assessment of Trauma in Youths. 2016. pp. 21–36. ISBN 1134905963 – via Google Books. 
  8. ^ Rodrigues de Cerqueira, Ana Claudia; Ferreira Becerra, José Marcelo; Rozentha, Márcia; Emídio Nardi, Antônio (August 2010). "Stiff-Person Syndrome and Generalized Anxiety Disorder". Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria. 68 (4). doi:10.1590/S0004-282X2010000400036. [page needed]
  9. ^ Strickland, Dorothy (1996). "A Virtual Reality Application with Autistic Children". Presence. MIT Press Journals. 5 (3): 319–329. doi:10.1162/pres.1996.5.3.319.