Al-Husayniyya

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Al-Husayniyya
Al-Husayniyya is located in Mandatory Palestine
Al-Husayniyya
Al-Husayniyya
Arabic الحسينية
Name meaning Khirbat Al-Husayniyya: The ruin of el Hasanîyeh, named after Hasan ibn Ali[1]
Also spelled Al-Husayniyya
Subdistrict Safad
Coordinates 33°02′23.21″N 35°35′00.53″E / 33.0397806°N 35.5834806°E / 33.0397806; 35.5834806Coordinates: 33°02′23.21″N 35°35′00.53″E / 33.0397806°N 35.5834806°E / 33.0397806; 35.5834806
Palestine grid 204/271
Population 340 (together with Tulayl)[2] (1945)
Area 5,324[2] dunams
Date of depopulation 21 April 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Influence of nearby town's fall
Current localities Chulata, Sde Eliezer[4]

Al-Husayniyya (Arabic: الحسينية‎) was a Palestinian village, depopulated in 1948.

On 13 May 1948, Haganah paramilitary forces committed a crime by killing more than 30 children and women, which led the rest of the people living in the village to flee and seek shelter in Lebanon and Syria.[5]

Location[edit]

The village was located 11 kilometres northeast of Safed, on a slightly elevated hill in the southwestern corner of the al-Hula Plain. It stood along the eastern side of a highway that led to Safad and Tiberias.[6]

History[edit]

The Arab geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi noted its ancient buildings and praised one of them, which he claimed had originally been a temple and perhaps was built by Solomon.[5][7]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described the place as having "a few ruined cattle-sheds".[8]

In 1945 the population the combined population of Tulayl and Al-Husayniyya was 340, with a total of 5,324 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[2] All the villagers were Muslims.[9] A total of 3,388 dunums was allocated to cereals and 22 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards for Tuleil and Al-Husayniyya. The villagers also kept livestock, especially water buffalo, for ploughing, dairy production, and meat.[5][10]

1948, and aftermath[edit]

In March 1948, Palmah's 3rd Battalion raided the village, and blew up five houses and killed several dozen villagers. According to Palmah reports cited by Morris, "the village was completely evacuated".[11] Some of the villagers who escaped the massacres may have remained or returned in subsequent days; according to Israeli military intelligence, the residents of al-Husayniyya did not leave until 21 April.[4]

The settlement of Chulata, established in 1937, is 3 km (2 mi) east of the site, near Tulayl. The settlement of Sde Eliezer is on village land, about 1 km (1 mi) west of the village site.[4]

The Palestinian historian Walid Khalidi described the place in 1992: "Only piles of stone and sections of walls from demolished houses remain. The site itself is overgrown with thorns, grasses, and scattered Christ’s-thorn trees, and is used as pasture. The land in the vicinity is cultivated."[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 83
  2. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 71, includes Tuleil
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xvi, village #36. Also gives cause of depopulation.
  4. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p. 457
  5. ^ a b c Khalidi, 1992, p. 456
  6. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p. 455-6
  7. ^ le Strange, 1890, p.340
  8. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 239
  9. ^ United Nations Conciliation Commission for Palestine, Appendix B, p. 6
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 121
  11. ^ Note 15. Palmah HQ to HGS, "Daily Report", 13 Mar. 1948, IDFA 922\\75\\1066 and Palmah HQ to HGS, "Daily Report", 17 Mar. 1948, HA 105\62. Cited in Morris, 2004, p.344

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]