Khayr al-Din al-Zirikli

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Khayr al-Din al-Zirikli
خير الدين الزركلي
Khayr al-Din al-Zirikli.png
Ambassador of Saudi Arabia to Egypt
In office
19341946
Succeeded bySheikh Muhammad Al Ireza
Ambassador of Saudi Arabia to Morocco
In office
19571963
Succeeded byJawad Mustafa Zikri
Personal details
Born(1893-06-25)June 25, 1893
Beirut
DiedNovember 25, 1976(1976-11-25) (aged 83)
Alma materPrivately educated, studied literature.
ProfessionProfessor of Arab studies

Khayr al-Dīn al-Ziriklī (Arabic: خير الدين الزركلي; June 25, 1893 – November 25, 1976) was a Syrian nationalist and poet in opposition to the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon, historian, Syrian citizen and a diplomat in the service of Saudi Arabia.

Career[edit]

Khayr al-Dīn al-Ziriklī grew up in Damascus.

After the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire as a result of the First World War, Zirikli published a daily newspaper in Damascus called Lisān al-ʻArab (The Tongue of the Arabs) which has been closed.[1] Then he participated in the publication of the daily Al-Mufīd and wrote literary and social articles. After the Battle of Maysalun on 23 July 1923 and the French invasion of Damascus, he was sentenced to death in absentia and the seizure of his property by the French authorities. He escaped from Damascus to the Mandatory Palestine and made a pilgrimage to the Kingdom of Hejaz.

In 1921, Zirikli became a subject of the Kingdom of Hejaz and Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca made him adviser to his son Abdullah I of Jordan on the establishment of the first government in Amman, where he was appointed Inspector General of the Ministry of Education.

The French government overturned Zirikli's death sentence and he returned to Damascus.

In 1925, Zirikli founded the Arabic printing works in Cairo, where he printed a number of own books and by other authors. In Jerusalem, he was with two other persons editor of the newspaper "Al-Hayat" which was closed by the British Mandatory Palestine administration. From 1925 to 1927 during the Great Syrian Revolt he wrote in Syrian and Egyptian newspapers against the French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon. The Mandate authorities again condemned him to death and demanded that Fuad I of Egypt silence Kheraddin Al-Zerakly or expel him from Egypt. Zirikli founded another daily newspaper in Jaffa. In 1930 Zirikli was elected member of the Arab Academy of Damascus.

In 1934, Ibn Saud appointed Zirikli agent later envoy of Saudi Arabia in Cairo. He represented Ibn Saud in the discussions on the founding of the Arab League and signed the founding agreement. In 1946, Ibn Saud appointed Zirikli as Foreign Minister in his throne council, in agreement with Yusuf Yasin and the Arab League, and he became member of the Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo.

In 1951, Ibn Saud appointed Zirikli as the ministre plénipotentiaire to the Arab League in Cairo.

From 1957 to 1963 Zirikli was the ambassador of Saud of Saudi Arabia to Mohammed V of Morocco in Rabat.

In 1960 Zirikli was elected a member of the Iraqi Academy of Sciences.

International Conferences[edit]

Works[edit]

  • Dīwān ديوان.
  • Al-Aʻlām: Qāmūs Tarājim li-Ashhar al-Rijāl wa-al-Nisāʼ min al-ʻArab wa-al-Mustaʻribīn wa-al-Mustashriqīn الأعلام : قاموس تراجم لأشهر الرجال والنساء من العرب والمستعربين والمستشرقين [Eminent Personalities: A Biographical Dictionary of Noted Men and Women among the Arabs, the Arabists and the Orientalists].

References[edit]

  1. ^ Méouchy, Nadine (15 April 2002). "La presse de Syrie et du Liban entre les deux guerres (1918-1939)". Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Méditerranée (95–98): 55–70. doi:10.4000/remmm.226 – via journals.openedition.org.
  2. ^ "TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi". www.islamansiklopedisi.info.