Alejandro R. Ruiz
|Born||June 26, 1923|
Loving, New Mexico
|Died||November 20, 2009 (aged 86)|
|Place of burial|
Veterans Memorial Grove Cemetery,
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/||United States Army|
|Years of service||1944 - 1964|
|Unit||1st Battalion, 165th Infantry Regiment, 27th Infantry Division|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
*Battle of Okinawa
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Bronze Star Medal
Sergeant Alejandro Renteria Ruiz  (June 26, 1923 – November 20, 2009) was a United States Army soldier who received the Medal of Honor, the United States' highest military decoration, for his actions in the Battle of Okinawa in the Ryukyu Islands during World War II.
Ruiz, a Mexican-American, was born and raised in Loving, New Mexico, and enlisted in the United States Army in the town of Carlsbad, New Mexico upon the outbreak of World War II. He was assigned to the U.S. 27th Infantry Division after completing basic training.
World War II
During World War II, the conquest of the Japanese island of Okinawa was considered vital for the Allied forces as a step towards an invasion of the Japanese mainland. The invasion (codenamed Operation Iceberg) was the largest amphibious operation of the Pacific war, and involved units of the U.S. Tenth Army, commanded by Lieutenant General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. These consisted of III Amphibious Corps (1st and 6th Marine Divisions, with 2nd Marine Division as an afloat reserve), and XXIV Corps (7th, 77th, 96th and 27th Infantry Divisions).
On April 28, 1945, PFC Ruiz's unit was pinned down by machine gun fire coming from a camouflaged Japanese pillbox and was unable to advance to its assigned objective. Ruiz, on his own initiative, charged the pillbox under a hail of machine gun fire. On his second attempt, he was able to neutralize the pillbox by killing all of its occupants. For his actions he was awarded the Medal of Honor. On June 26, 1946, President Harry S. Truman presented Ruiz with the Medal of Honor in a ceremony held at the White House.
Medal of Honor citation
ALEJANDRO R. RUIZRank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, 165th Infantry, 27th Infantry DivisionPlace and date: Okinawa, Ryukyu Islands, April 28, 1945Entered service at: Carlsbad, New MexicoBorn: June 26, 1923, Loving, New MexicoG.O. No. 60, June 26, 1946.Citation:
- When his unit was stopped by a skillfully camouflaged enemy pillbox, he displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty. His squad, suddenly brought under a hail of machinegun fire and a vicious grenade attack, was pinned down. Jumping to his feet, Pfc. Ruiz seized an automatic rifle and lunged through the flying grenades and rifle and automatic fire for the top of the emplacement. When an enemy soldier charged him, his rifle jammed. Undaunted, Pfc. Ruiz whirled on his assailant and clubbed him down. Then he ran back through bullets and grenades, seized more ammunition and another automatic rifle, and again made for the pillbox. Enemy fire now was concentrated on him, but he charged on, miraculously reaching the position, and in plain view he climbed to the top. Leaping from one opening to another, he sent burst after burst into the pillbox, killing 12 of the enemy and completely destroying the position. Pfc. Ruiz's heroic conduct, in the face of overwhelming odds, saved the lives of many comrades and eliminated an obstacle that long would have checked his unit's advance.
Ruiz resided in Visalia, California and actively participated in activities honoring Medal of Honor recipients. Ruiz died on November 20, 2009, of congestive heart failure. The town of Visalia has honored Ruiz by naming the "Alejandro R. Ruiz Sr. Park" after him, located at North Burke Street and Buena Vista Street.
Awards and decorations
Among PFC Alejandro R. Ruiz' decorations and medals were the following:
|Combat Infantry Badge|
|Medal of Honor||Bronze Star Medal||Purple Heart|
|American Campaign Medal||Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal||World War II Victory Medal|
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II
- Hispanic Medal of Honor recipients
- Hispanic Americans in World War II
- Hall of Valor
- "27th Infantry Division". Archived from the original on May 31, 2008. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- "Medal of Honor citation". Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- T. Rees Shapiro (December 12, 2009). "Alejandro R. Ruiz Sr. dies at 85; WWII vet received the Medal of Honor". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 9, 2012.
- "Home of Heroes-Recent losses". Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- "Visalia Times-Delta". Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
- "Valley Force". Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- "Dedication events bring together Medal of Honor citation recipients". Retrieved September 24, 2010.
- Alejandro R. Ruiz at Find a Grave