Allard J2 (original)

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Allard J2
1951 Allard J2 Knebworth OldtimerFest August 2010.jpg
1951 Allard J2
Overview
Manufacturer Allard
Production 1949-1951 (90 units)[1][2]
Model years 1950-1951 (J2)
1951-1954 (J2X)[3]
1999 - present (J2X MKII)
Assembly Clapham, London UK
Body and chassis
Class Sports car
Body style Roadster
Layout Front engine, rear-wheel drive[4]
Related Allard J2X
Powertrain
Transmission 3-speed manual[4]
Dimensions
Wheelbase 2,540.0 mm (100 in)[5]
Length 3,937.0 mm (155 in)[5]
Width 1,727.2 mm (68 in)[5]
Kerb weight 940 kg; 2,072 lb (18.5 long cwt)[5]
Chronology
Predecessor Allard J
Successor Allard J2X

The Allard J2 is a sports roadster that was made by Allard. The J2 was mainly intended for the American market.[6] Since 1981, replicas of the later J2X have been manufactured by a succession of companies in Canada.

J2[edit]

The standard J2 engine in Britain was the 3.6 L flathead V8 engine from the Ford Pilot, delivering 85 hp.[7][8] A 4.4 L Mercury V8, delivering 110 hp was also available.[9] American enthusiasts modified their cars by fitting an Oldsmobile, Chrysler, or Cadillac V8.[4][10] J2s exported to the United States were shipped without engines.[11] Then, an engine of the buyer's choice installed locally.[6] This proved to be very successful, and the use of American components made it very easy to find parts for Allard's customers.[6] The front suspension was a swing axle with coil springs while the rear had a De Dion tube system with coil springs, inboard brakes and a quick-change differential. [5] [11][10] Ninety J2s were built between 1950 and 1951.[1][2]

J2X[edit]

1953 Allard J2X, with later rollbar fitted

In 1952 Allard replaced the J2 with the J2X. It was produced until 1954.[12] In an attempt to improve handling, the J2X had redesigned front suspension arrangement that allowed its engine to be positioned about 18 centimetres (7.1 in) further forward than the J2 engine had been. This did a few things beside improving the weight distribution: it gave the driver more leg room, and also facilitated easy identification between the two models J2 and J2X ("X" for extended). The longer nose sticks out beyond the front wheels (unlike the J2 where the nose stops even with the front of the front tires) and this is the easiest way to differentiate between the two. The J2X also had side access panels for the engine and most models came with a standardized wide flat hood scoop, unlike the J2's where each one has a different custom built hood arrangement. Also offered as an option was a differential with quick-change ratios, and a larger fuel tank.[13] Its 170 hp engine could propel the car from 0-60 in 10 seconds and gave the J2X a top speed of 111.6 mph.[12] 83 J2Xs were built.[2][14] The interior remained simple with only a few gauges.[15]

Canadian replica Allards[edit]

J2X2[edit]

Beginning in 1981, two Canadian enthusiasts in Ontario revived the J2X concept as the J2X2. Mel Stein and Arnold Korne, who owned the coachbuilding company A.H.A. Manufacturing Company Limited, characterized their effort as a revival rather than a recreation, although a number of changes were carried out compared to the original design.[16] The wheels on the J2X2 are considerably smaller than period pieces, the bodywork is in a mix of aluminium and fibreglass, the steering rack was swapped to a rack and pinion unit, while the front suspension was changed to a more conventional wishbone design.[17] It was available in kit form, or fully built. The fully built version received Chrysler's 5.2-liter V8 engine and a four-speed manual gearbox, although an automatic unit was available.[17] The car also received rudimentary protection from the elements in the form of loose side windows and a simple hood. There was also a competition version without the intrusion of modern bumpers and with a shorter windscreen. A right-hand drive version was available for British buyers.[17] Allard's son Alan fully approved of the car, even taking on the European distribution.[16] A total of 250 units were planned.

J2X MKII[edit]

2010 Allard J2X MkII

Roger P Allard's, Allard Motor Works, located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, builds what their website calls "a modern hand-crafted version of the famed British competition roadster that stirred crowds in Europe and North America", known as the J2X MkII. While looking similar to the original J2X, its glass-fibre body is dimensionally dissimilar and the chassis and drive-train are entirely different. Aside from the badges, few if any parts are transferable between this and a Sydney Allard built car.[citation needed] Roger Allard and Allard Motor Works are not connected or related to the original Allard company or Sydney Allard in London England.

The 'J2X MKII' is a fibreglass bodied lookalike in the spirit of the original 1951-1954 J2X. Allard engineers hand built the car at a rate of 100 per year, while keeping it in compliance with modern standards for automotive safety.[18] The new J2X has a GM RAM Jet V8 engine that produces about 350 hp and 400 lb/ft of torque. Other engine choices include a 600-hp 6.1-liter Hemi, a Chevrolet 350, Cadillac Northstar or Ford 351. The 0-60 time is 4.5 seconds and the quarter mile time is 12 seconds at 110 mph.[3] Power is transferred through a Tremec TKO five-speed manual transmission.[18] The price for the J2X is $138,500.[3]

The J2X MkII is recognized by the Allard Registry, which has awarded the J2X MKII special serial numbers and a place in the Registry.

Competition History[edit]

J2

In 1951, Bill Pollack drove an Allard J2 with a Cadillac V8 to victory at the Pebble Beach Road Race.[19] Sydney Allard and Tom Cole drove a J2 with a Cadillac engine to third place in the 1950 24 Hours of Le Mans.[1][20]They achieved this even though the first and second gears of the 3-speed gearbox were broken[21] Of 313 documented starts in major races in the 9 years between 1949 and 1957, J2's compiled a list of 40 first-place finishes; 32 seconds; 30 thirds; 25 fourths; and 10 fifth-place finishes.[4] Both Zora Duntov (the father of the Corvette) and Carroll Shelby (the father of the Cobra) raced J2's in the early 50's.

J2X

Arriving later during a time when sports racing car design was developing rapidly, the J2X was not as successful in international racing as the J2, as it was not as competitive when compared to more advanced C and later D type Jaguars with disc brakes, alongside Mercedes, Ferrari, and Maserati works entries. Thus, it headlined less often in major international races and of 199 documented major race starts in the 9 years between 1952 and 1960, J2X's garnered 12 first-place finishes; 11 seconds; 17 thirds; 14 fourths; and 10 fifth places.

Overall, both cars epitomize the pinnacle of the Allard Motor Company and are generally the car design thought of when the name Allard is mentioned.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Mort (2009), pp. 33-34.
  2. ^ a b c Dron (1996), p. 61.
  3. ^ a b c "LA 2009: Allard J2X MkII drops our jaw". AutoBlog. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  4. ^ a b c Wood (2003), pp. 32-33.
  5. ^ a b c d e Culshaw & Horrobin (2013), p. 31.
  6. ^ a b c Gulett (2011), p. 16.
  7. ^ Mort (2009), p. 34.
  8. ^ Dron (1996), p. 59.
  9. ^ "1949-1952 Allard J2 and J2X". HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 24 January 2014.
  10. ^ a b Simeone, Frederick. "1950 Allard J2". Simeone Foundation Automotive Museum. Retrieved 10 March 2015.
  11. ^ a b Dron (1996), p. 60.
  12. ^ a b "1953 Allard J2X (LeMans, JX2, LM, J2XLM)". conceptcarz. Retrieved 5 January 2014.
  13. ^ Mort (2009), p. 35.
  14. ^ Hingston, Peter (2007). The Enthusiasts' Guide to Buying a Classic British Sports Car. USA: Hingston Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0-906555-25-5.
  15. ^ "Allard Sports Cars". HowStuffWorks. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  16. ^ a b Frey, Peter (June 1983). "Allard J2X2". Automobil (in Swedish). No. 5. Vällingby: Paper Maker AB. p. 63. ISSN 0280-1981.
  17. ^ a b c Frey, pp. 64-65
  18. ^ a b "Allard J2X MKII To Go On Sale in Europe". TopSpeed. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  19. ^ "1951 Cadillac-Allard J2". Car and Driver. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
  20. ^ Falconer (2007), p. 15.
  21. ^ "1950 ALLARD J2 COMPETITION ROADSTER". AutoCherish. Retrieved 19 March 2014.

Bibliography[edit]