Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander
|Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander|
The Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander (Desmognathus ochrophaeus) is a species in the Plethodontidae (lungless salamander) family. It is found in Canada and the United States. Its natural habitats are temperate forests, rivers, intermittent rivers, freshwater springs, and rocky areas.
D. ochrophaeus is a medium-sized salamander that can grow to about 10 cm in length. Adults are brownish and can have a widely variable coloration pattern. Usually, it has a light stripe down the back, with a row of dark spots on the centre and flanked by dark pigments. As in all members of the genus, the hind legs are larger and stouter than the front legs. This species belongs to the "lungless salamander" family (Plethodontidae), and adults must keep their skin moist to breathe. It is a somewhat terrestrial salamander that can be found under stones, logs, and bark near springs, streams and other areas where the ground is saturated with water.
Ontario's Endangered Species Act, 2007, protects D. ochrophaeus from being killed, harmed, or possessed. Salamanders are protected on Niagara Parks Commission property under the Niagara Parks Act, which makes it illegal to hunt, trap, or molest any animal without a government permit. A Dusky Salamander Recovery Team has been established to develop a strategy for the recovery of this species and the related Northern dusky salamander (D. fuscus).
- Hammerson, G. (2004). "Desmognathus ochrophaeus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Desmognathus ochrophaeus Cope, 1859". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- Royal Ontario Museum and Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (2008). "Allegheny Mountain dusky salamander". Ontario's Biodiversity. Royal Ontario Museum. Retrieved 1 March 2015.
- Cope ED. 1859. On the Primary Divisions of the SALAMANDRIDÆ, with Descriptions of Two New Species. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 11: 122-128. (Desmognathus ochrophæa, new species, p. 124).