|Dendrofissurella scutellum hiantula|
Mclean and Kilburn, 1986
Mclean and Kilburn, 1986
|Patella scutellum, Gmelin, 1791
Amblychilepas scutella (Gmelin, 1791)
Dendrofissurella scutellum is the sole species in this genus. However, two geographic subspecies are recognized :
- Dendrofissurella scutellum hiantula (Lamarck, 1822) (synonyms : Fissurella hiantula, Lamarck, 1822; Fissurellidea hiantula, Sowerby II, 1862; Amblychilepas scutellum hiantula, Kilburn and Rippey, 1982; Fissurella incarnata, Krauss, 1848; Fissurellidea incarnata, Sowerby II, 1862; Megatebennus (section Amblychilepas) incarnata, Pilsbry, 1890; Fissurellidea incarnata maculata, Turton, 1962; Fissurellidea multilineata, Turton, 1932 ; Fissurellidea albanyana, Turton, 1932; Fissurellidea nigrostrigata, Turton, 1932)
- Dendrofissurella scutellum scutellum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonyms : Patella scutellum, Gmelin, 1791; Fissurella scutellum, Krauss, 1848; Megatebennus (section Amblychilepas) scutellum, Pilsbry, 1890: Fissurellidaea scutella, Turton, 1932; Amblychilepas scutella, Barnard, 1963; Amblychilepas scutellum, Kensley, 1973; Amblychilepas scutellum scutellum, Kilburn and Rippey, 1982; Fissurellidea sella, Sowerby II, 1862; Megatebennus (section Amblychilepas) sella, Pilsbry, 1890)
As is shown by the many synonyms, it has taken a long time to recognize that this species (composed of these two subspecies) belongs in its own genus.
This species occurs in the Cape Province of South Africa. D. scutellum scutellum is found on the colder, temperate Atlantic coast while D. scutellum hiantula is found to the east, along the warmer temperate coastline.
The body of Dendrofissurella scutellum is larger than the shell. The anterior part of the shell is narrower than the rest. Both ends of the shell are somewhat raised. The sculpture of the shell shows fine radial ribs. The mantle folds only slightly envelop the edge of the shell. The apical opening (foramen) is elongate-oval and situated almost in the center. The foot extends behind the shell with a length larger than the shell. The foremost part of the foot (propodium) is elongated by a single, tapering trunk with approximately nine lateral branched that are irregularly placed. This character sets Dendrofissurella apart from Amblychilepas and Medusafissurella.
The large outer lateral tooth of the radula is quadricuspid ( = with four cusps).
- McLean, James H.; R.N. Kilburn (September 1986). "Propodial elaboration in Southern African and Indian Ocean Fissurellidae (Mollusca, Prosobranchia) with description of two new genera and one new species" (PDF). Contributions in Science. 379. Retrieved 2010-07-19.
- Vaught, K.C. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne, FL (USA). ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp
- Branch, G.M. et al. (2002). Two Oceans. 5th impression. David Philip, Cate Town & Johannesburg
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dendrofissurella.|