American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

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American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
ProductsObstetrics & Gynecology

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) is a professional association of physicians specializing in obstetrics and gynecology in the United States. Several Latin American countries are also represented within Districts of the organization. It is a 501(c)(3) organization with a membership of more than 60,000 obstetrician-gynecologists and women's health care professionals.[1] It was founded in 1951.


A companion 501(c)(6) organization, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, was founded in 2008 and became operational in 2010.[2] The two organizations coexist, and member individuals automatically belong to both.[3] Both are not-for-profit.[3] The College as a 501(c)(3) focuses on education (with limited political work), whereas the Congress as a 501(c)(6) is allowed to advocate for members' interests in terms of the business of medicine (BOM) through lobbying and other political work.[3] Their main advocacy focuses on women's reproductive health, specifically opposing political interference in abortion access.[4] Physician members are referred to as fellows and use the post-nominal letters FACOG to indicate their status. To become a fellow, a candidate must become certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology,[5] an independent organization, and then nominated to the College by another fellow. Non ObGyn professionals may join as an Allied Health Professional, but must meet their standards of education.[6]

Obstetrics & Gynecology is the official publication of ACOG. It is popularly known as "The Green Journal".[7] In 1986, the organization successfully challenged an anti-abortion law in Pennsylvania before the U.S. Supreme Court in Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.[8]


  1. ^ "About Us". American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
  2. ^ "Leadership and Governance". ACOG website. ACOG. Retrieved 8 July 2015.
  3. ^ a b c ACOG, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: What We Are and The Reasons Why (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-06-04, retrieved 2015-10-29.
  4. ^ "Policy Priorities". Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  5. ^ "American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology". ABOG website. ABOG. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  6. ^ "Allied Health Professionals". Retrieved 2021-02-06.
  7. ^ SCImago Journal and Country rank > Obstetrics and Gynecology Retrieved on April 15, 2010
  8. ^ Greenhouse, Linda. Becoming Justice Blackmun. Times Books. 2005. Page 183.

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