American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

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The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists is a professional association of physicians specializing in obstetrics and gynecology in the United States. It is a 501(c)(3) organization with a membership of approximately 58,000 obstetrician-gynecologists and women's health care professionals. It was founded in 1951. A companion 501(c)(6) organization, the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), was founded in 2008 and became operational in 2010.[1] The two organizations coexist, and member individuals automatically belong to both.[2] Both are not-for-profit.[2] The College as a 501(c)(3) focuses on education (with limited political work), whereas the Congress as a 501(c)(6) is allowed to advocate for members' interests in terms of the business of medicine (BOM) through lobbying and other political work.[2]

Physician members are referred to as fellows and use the post-nominal letters FACOG to indicate their status. To become a fellow, a candidate must become certified by the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology,[3] an independent organization, and then nominated to the College by another fellow.

Obstetrics & Gynecology is the official publication of ACOG. It is popularly known as "The Green Journal".[4] In 1986, the organization successfully challenged an anti-abortion law in Pennsylvania before the U.S. Supreme Court in Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.[5]


  1. ^ "Leadership and Governance". ACOG website. ACOG. Retrieved 8 July 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c ACOG, The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists: What We Are and The Reasons Why (PDF), retrieved 2015-10-29. 
  3. ^ "American Board of Obstetrics & Gynecology". ABOG website. ABOG. Retrieved 13 February 2014. 
  4. ^ SCImago Journal and Country rank > Obstetrics and Gynecology Retrieved on April 15, 2010
  5. ^ Greenhouse, Linda. Becoming Justice Blackmun. Times Books. 2005. Page 183.

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