Anabela Fátima Xavier Sales Ritchie

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Anabela Fátima Xavier Sales Ritchie (Chinese: 林綺濤; born May 25, 1949) is a politician from Macau. She served as president of the Legislative Assembly of Macau, the first woman to hold the position.[1]

Ritchie was born in Macau to a family with both Chinese and Portuguese ancestry; both of her grandmothers were full-blooded Chinese. Her parents, both Macanese, were civil servants.[2] She gained a masters degree in Germanic philology from the University of Lisbon in 1971, following it with a diploma in pedagogic sciences from the same institution. She taught in Lisbon from 1971 until 1974 before returning to Macau, where she continued teaching from 1975 until 1986. In that year she was appointed to a seat on the Legislative Assembly, of which she served as vice-president.[citation needed] In 1992 Carlos Augusto Corrêa Paes D'Assumpção, then serving as president of the Assembly, died suddenly, and Ritchie was elected to succeed him.[2][3] She served in the post until the handover of Macau to China in 1999, when she was required to relinquish the position.[4] She was succeeded by Susana Chou as president,[5] but remained a member of the Assembly until 2001, serving six terms in total.[1] During her career in the Assembly, Ritchie was often accused of being too pro-Chinese in her outlook.[6][7] Since the end of her political career she has remained involved in local affairs, acting as a member of the Executive Council of Macau[8] and later serving on the University Council of the University of Macau.[9] She is a supporter of the Macau Basic Law, passed while she was a member of the Assembly.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "Lei Básica é fator importante para se "continuar a gostar de viver em Macau" -- ex-presidente da Assembleia Legislativa - Notícias SAPO - SAPO Notícias". Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  2. ^ a b Khoon Choy Lee (2005). Pioneers of Modern China: Understanding the Inscrutable Chinese. World Scientific. pp. 511–. ISBN 978-981-270-090-2.
  3. ^ Peter Haberzettl; Roderich Ptak (1995). Macau: Geographie, Geschichte, Wirtschaft und Kultur. Otto Harrassowitz Verlag. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-3-447-03673-3.
  4. ^ CHU, HENRY (17 December 1999). "In Macao, a Culture on the Cusp". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 22 November 2017 – via LA Times.
  5. ^ WTCM. "WTCM Newsletter No.17". Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  6. ^ H. Yee (12 September 2001). Macau in Transition: From Colony to Autonomous Region. Palgrave Macmillan UK. pp. 194–. ISBN 978-0-230-59936-9.
  7. ^ Asia Pacific Business Travel Guide. Priory Publications. 1994.
  8. ^ "Chief Executive to visit EU to fortify Macau-Europe Relations". Retrieved 22 November 2017.
  9. ^ "University of Macau - University Council". Retrieved 22 November 2017.