Anatra D

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Anatra D
Role Reconnaissance aircraft
Manufacturer Anatra
Designer Elysée Alfred Descamps
First flight 19 December 1915[1]
Number built 170[1]
Variants Anatra DS
Kyiv, March-April 1918. Ukrainian People's Republic Air Fleet.

The Anatra D or Anade was a two-seat reconnaissance aircraft built in Russia and flown during World War I. It was a two-bay biplane of conventional configuration that seated the pilot and observer in tandem, open cockpits. Test flights revealed a number of design flaws, including weak wing structure (that killed company test pilot Jean Robinet on 21 July 1917)[2] and poor stability. Nevertheless, the aircraft was ordered into production by the Army, and deliveries commenced in May 1916 after revisions had been made to correct the aircraft's centre of gravity in the hope of addressing the worst handling problems. The type continued in limited service after the war, eventually being used as a trainer until about 1919.


 Soviet Union


General characteristics

  • Crew: two, pilot and observer
  • Length: 7.70 m (25 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 11.50 m (37 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 2.9 m (9 ft 6 in)
  • Wing area: 35.0 m2 (377 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 515 kg (1,135 lb)
  • Gross weight: 865 kg (1,907 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Gnôme Monosoupape, 74 kW (100 hp)


  • Maximum speed: 132 km/h (82 mph)
  • Range: 350 km (220 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,100 ft)
  • Rate of climb: 2.4 m/s (470 ft/min)



  1. ^ a b c d Gunston, Bill, The Osprey Encyclopedia of Russian Aircraft 1875-1995, Osprey Publishing, 1995, p. 1
  2. ^
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.
  • Russian Aviation Museum