Andover (MBTA station)

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ANDOVER
MBTA 1823 and Pan Am 337 at Andover station, September 2016.JPG
Andover station, facing north (outbound)
Location 17 Railroad Street
Andover, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°39′28″N 71°08′41″W / 42.6579°N 71.1446°W / 42.6579; -71.1446Coordinates: 42°39′28″N 71°08′41″W / 42.6579°N 71.1446°W / 42.6579; -71.1446
Owned by MBTA
Line(s)
Platforms 1 side platform
Tracks 2
Construction
Parking 150 spaces ($4.00 daily)
4 accessible spaces
Bicycle facilities 6 spaces
Disabled access Yes
Other information
Fare zone 5
Traffic
Passengers (2013) 519 (weekday inbound average)[1]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
Haverhill Line
toward Haverhill
Third Railroad Station
Third Railroad Station, Andover MA.jpg
Third Railroad Station
Andover (MBTA station) is located in Massachusetts
Andover (MBTA station)
Andover (MBTA station) is located in the US
Andover (MBTA station)
Location 100 School Street, Andover, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°39′23″N 71°8′43″W / 42.65639°N 71.14528°W / 42.65639; -71.14528
Area 9 acres (3.6 ha)
Built 1906-07
Architectural style Shingle Style
MPS Town of Andover MRA
NRHP Reference # 82004809[2]
Added to NRHP June 10, 1982

Andover is a commuter rail station on the MBTA Commuter Rail Haverhill Line, located near the town center of Andover, Massachusetts. The station has one platform with a mini-high platform for handicapped accessibility serving one track, while the second track lacks a platform. The previous station building, used from 1907 to 1959, is still extant; it was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1982 as Third Railroad Station.

History[edit]

The c.-1848 built station on a c. 1905 postcard

The Andover and Wilmington Railroad opened between its namesake cities in August 1836 as a branch line off the new Boston and Lowell Railroad (B&L).[3] A small wooden Greek revival station was built near the center of Andover.[4] The line was soon extended north, and in 1842 in merged into the Boston and Maine Railroad (B&M). After building its own route to Boston in 1845, the B&M looked to expand its passenger base to compete with the B&L. In 1848, the B&M relocated its main line from Ballardvale to North Andover to the west in order to serve the new mill town of Lawrence.[3]

The line was moved several blocks west in Andover, away from the busy intersections of the town square. A small house was converted into a temporary station, which was soon replaced by a larger L-shaped station with a large train shed. A brick freight house was built sometime between then and 1875.[4]

In 1906, the B&M began construction of a new station, as residents complained about the smoky conditions inside the train shed. The new station, a copy of Beverly Depot designed by Bradford Lee Gilbert a decade earlier, opened on September 1, 1907.[4] It was used as the station until 1959; in 1982, it was added to the National Register of Historic Places as Third Railroad Station.[5]

Today, MBTA passengers board from a single platform behind the former freight house. Both buildings have been repurposed for commercial use.

Bus connections[edit]

Andover station is served by two MVRTA bus routes:

  • 21 Andover Shuttle
  • 32 Lawrence–Andover

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14th ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  3. ^ a b Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 238–239. ISBN 0942147022. 
  4. ^ a b c Roy, John H. Jr. (2007). A Field Guide to Southern New England Railroad Depots and Freight Houses. Branch Line Press. p. 124. ISBN 9780942147087. 
  5. ^ "MACRIS inventory record for Third Railroad Station". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Retrieved 2013-12-25. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Andover (MBTA station) at Wikimedia Commons