Andronicus Callistus

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Andronicus Callistus (Greek: Ἀνδρόνικος Κάλλιστος) was one of the most able Greek scholars of the 15th century and cousin of the distinguished scholar Theodorus Gaza.[1]


Born in Thessalonica he worked as a professor in Rome, Bologna, Florence and Paris, although he also traveled extensively in northern Europe and eventually died in the Kingdom of England in 1476.

Among his works is a defence of Theodore of Gaza's positions against the criticisms of Michael Apostolius (Andronicus Callistus Defensio Theodori Gazae adversus Michaelem Apostolium).[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Diller, Aubrey (1983). Studies in Greek manuscript tradition. A. M. Hakkert. p. 260. ISBN 90-256-0837-X. He had put Bessarion in touch with Andronicus Callistus, who was his kinsman. Callistus was cousin (consobrinus) of Theodore Gaza, who remembered him so in his will . 
  2. ^ Paul Botley, The Books of Andronicus Callistus, 1475-76, Warburg Institute
  3. ^ William Smith, Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1853, p.176


  • G. Cammelli, 'Andronico Callisto', La Rinascita, 5 (1942), 104-21, 174-214
  • Jonathan Harris, Greek Émigrés in the West, 1400-1520 (Camberley: Porphyrogenitus, 1995). ISBN 1-871328-11-X
  • John Monfasani, ‘A philosophical text of Andronicus Callistus misattributed to Nicholas Secundinus’, Renaissance Studies in Honour of Craig Hugh Smyth (Florence, 1985), pp. 395-406, reprinted in John Monfasani, Byzantine Scholars in Renaissance Italy: Cardinal Bessarion and other Emigres (Aldershot, 1995), no. XIII
  • J. E. Powell, ‘Two letters of Andronicus Callistus to Demetrius Chalcondyles’, Byzantinisch-Neugriechische Jahrbücher 15 (1938), 14-20