After tutoring Nero, Anicetus was made commander of the fleet at Misenum in 60 AD. He was later employed by the emperor to murder Nero's own mother, Agrippina the Younger. Nero wished to see his mother crushed in a collapsing boat, and employed Anicetus to see to it that this contraption was built. Nero put this strategy into action, though the collapsing boat failed to kill Agrippina. Afterwards, Anicetus himself stabbed Agrippina to death, on orders from Nero.
Anicetus was subsequently induced by Nero to confess having committed adultery with Nero's wife, Claudia Octavia. As punishment, Octavia was banished and died after immense suffering. For his supposed part in this crime, Anicetus was banished to Sardinia, where he lived in comfortable exile until his death of old age.
- Griffin, Miriam T. (2001). Nero: The End of a Dynasty. Roman Imperial Biographies. Routledge. p. 32. ISBN 0-415-21464-5.
- Bunson, Matthew (2002). Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire. Facts on File Library of World History. Infobase Publishing. pp. 12, 19. ISBN 1-4381-1027-8.
- Malitz, Jürgen (2005). Nero. Blackwell Publishing. pp. 31–33, 38. ISBN 1-4051-4474-2.
- Tacitus, Annals xiv. 3, 7, 8, 62
- Cassius Dio, Roman History lxi. 13
- Suetonius, Nero 35.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William (1870). "Anicetus". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. p. 178.