Vanessa hippomene

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Southern short-tailed admiral
Hubner1821SammlExotSchmett2Plate25.jpg
Antanartia hippomene Illustration in Sammlung exotischer Schmetterlinge Vol. 2 ([1819] - [1827])
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Nymphalini
Genus: Vanessa
Species: V. hippomene
Binomial name
Vanessa hippomene
(Hübner, [1823])
Synonyms
  • Antanartia hippomene (Hübner, 1823)
  • Hypanartia hippomene Hübner, [1823]
  • Antanartia hippomene f. milanion Stoneham, 1965
  • Hypanartia hippomene var. madegassorum Aurivillius, 1899

Vanessa hippomene (southern short-tailed admiral) is a butterfly of the family Nymphalidae. It is found in South Africa and Madagascar.

Wingspan is 45–45 mm in males and 42–48 mm in females. Has two or three flight periods with peak between April and May.[1]

The larvae feed on Fleurya capensis, Laportia peduncularis, Pouzolia parasitica, Didymodoxa caffra and Urtica species.[1]

This species was traditionally considered to be a member of the genus Antanartia, but recent molecular analyses reveals that it is more closely related to members of the genus Vanessa[2]

Subspecies[edit]

  • V. h. hippomene (Swaziland, South Africa: KwaZulu-Natal, Eastern Cape Province, Western Cape Province to the south-east)
  • V. h. madegassorum (Aurivillius, 1899) (Madagascar: plateau)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Woodhall, Steve (2005). Field Guide to Butterflies of South Africa. Cape Town, South Africa: Struik. ISBN 978-1-86872-724-7. 
  2. ^ Wahlberg, Niklas; Rubinoff, Daniel (2011). "Vagility across Vanessa (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae): mobility in butterfly species does not inhibit the formation and persistence of isolated sister taxa". Systematic Entomology. 36 (2): 362–370. doi:10.1111/j.1365-3113.2010.00566.x.