Anton Dif Bernolák
|Born||3 October 1762|
|Died||15 January 1813 (aged 50)|
Érsekújvár, Kingdom of Hungary
(now Nové Zámky, Slovakia)
|Occupation||Priest, official, linguist|
|Known for||Codified the first Slovak language standard|
Anton Dif Bernolák (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈantɔm ˈbernɔlaːk]; Hungarian: Bernolák Antal; 3 October 1762 – 15 January 1813) was a Slovak linguist and Catholic priest, and the author of the first Slovak language standard.
He was born as the second child to a lower noble family in the Árva region. He studied at a grammar school (gymnasium) in Rózsahegy from 1774 to 1778, and later in Nagyszombat and Vienna, and graduated in theology at the general seminary in Pressburg (present-day Bratislava) in 1787. In the very same year, he codified the first Slovak language standard, which he based on western Slovak dialects spoken around Nagyszombat, with some elements from the central dialects. The language, called bernolákovčina, wasn't accepted as a national standard language, although it was a milestone on the way to the formation of the modern Slovak nation. From 1787 to 1791, he was a curate in Cseklész (present-day Bernolákovo), from 1791 to 1797 a secretary in the archbishopric vicar's office in Nagyszombat (present-day Trnava), and from 1797 until his death in 1813, a priest in Érsekújvár (present-day Nové Zámky).
His language was the basis for the activities of the Slovak Educated Brotherhood, established in 1787 in Nagyszombat (present-day Trnava), and also for the movement of Bernolák's followers, which lasted three generations. Exhaustive literary and priestly work, concern about his close family and other circumstances undermined his health to such an extent that he died unexpectedly of a heart attack on January 15, 1813.
- Divux rex Stephanus, magnus Hungarorum apostolus
- Dissertatio-critica de litteris Slavorum
- Linguae Slavonicae… compendiosa simul et facilis Orthographia
- Grammatica Slavica (Slovak Grammar)
- Etymologia vocum slavicarum (Etymology of Slavic words)
- 1825 / 1827
- Slowár Slowenskí, Češko-Laťinsko-Ňemecko-Uherskí (A Slovak, Czech-Latin-German-Hungarian Dictionary), a six-volume dictionary, supposed to be a vocabulary manual of the literary language, published after Bernolák's death in Buda by canon Juraj Palkovič
- Slowár Slowenskí Češko-Laťinsko-Ňemecko-Uherskí (scan)
- Ešče ňečo o epigrammatéch, anebožto málorádkoch M. W. P. Jozefa Bajza…" (Vidané v Poli elízíském teho roku 1794). 15 p. - available at ULB´s Digital Library
- Ňečo o epigrammatéch... vydané v Žiline r. 1794. 36 p. - available at ULB´s Digital Library
- ŽAŠKOVKÝ, F. Manuale Musico-Liturgicum in usum Ecclesiarum Cathedralium et Ruralium ... Agriae: Typ. Lycei Archi-Episcopalis, 1853. 254 p. - available at ULB´s Digital Library - Bernolak edited the slovak text of the songs according to the Slovak language standards