Apostles of Johane Maranke
Apostles of Johane Maranke is an African Initiated Church movement that was started by Johane Maranke (1912-1963) in Zimbabwe in 1932. The "Apostotilc Church of John Maranke" (as it is officially called) numbers over 300,000 adherents in five African nations. Itis one of the largest movements in the Zionist churches of Africa. The Zionists take on some symbols and practices of Judaism as well as emphasizing faith healing and prophecy. Hence the AoJM forbid pork, alcohol, and tobacco. The AoJM also forbid Western and African medicine. The Star of David is on some of their religious garments. The church is pacifist.
At their services men sit on the east side and women on the west side. Women are believed to have healing powers. All services are performed outside.
Initiation into the church is through water baptism, usually in pools of running water in rivers and streams. In urban environments the practice has been restricted as many streams and rivers in urban vicinities are polluted by industrial or domestic effluent. On baptism the convert is given a new name (usually a Hebrew or biblical one) by a prophet which name he will be called by from thence. After a verbal catechism on the dos and don'ts the convert is allowed to be adorned in the church's regalia. For male converts this consists of an ankle-length white robe; a white undercloth; and a long staff, usually with a loop on the upright end. From then all males are required to shave their heads and keep a goatee permanently. For women it consists of an ankle-length white robe and a long head veil worn backwards and wide enough to be wrapped around the body like a cloak. The veil is marked by a long red stripe that runs its full length in the centre. Although they use the whole bible for preaching and instruction, most of the church's doctrines are Jewish and Old Testament oriented.
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