Stan Gurney

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Arthur Stanley Gurney
Stan Gurney 100639.jpg
Arthur Gurney
Born 15 December 1908
Day Dawn, Western Australia, Australia
Died 22 July 1942(1942-07-22) (aged 33)
El Alamein, Egypt
Buried at El Alamein War Cemetery
Allegiance Australia Australia
Service/branch Second Australian Imperial Force
Years of service 1940–1942
Rank Private
Unit 2/48th Battalion
Battles/wars

Second World War

Awards Victoria Cross
The desert grave of WX9858 Private (Pte) Arthur Stanley Gurney
Gurney's grave at El Alamein

Arthur Stanley "Stan" Gurney VC (15 December 1908 – 22 July 1942) was an Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Military career[edit]

He was 33 years old, and a private in the 2/48th Battalion (South Australia), Australian Imperial Force during the Second World War when he was awarded the VC (posthumously) for the following deed.

On 22 July 1942 at Tel-el-Eisa, Egypt, during the First Battle of El Alamein, intense machine-gun fire held up the company to which Private Gurney belonged and inflicted heavy casualties on it, including killing or wounding all the officers. Private Gurney, realizing the seriousness of the situation, charged the nearest machine-gun post, silencing the guns and bayoneting three of the crew. He bayoneted two more at a second post before a grenade knocked him down. Picking himself up, he charged a third post and disappeared from view. Later, his comrades, whose advance he had made possible, found his body.

VC citation[edit]

His VC citation appears in the London Gazette of Tuesday 8 September 1942.

No.WX.9858 Private Arthur Stanley Gurney, Australian Military Forces. For gallant and unselfish bravery in silencing enemy machine-gun posts by bayonet assault at Tell El Eisa on 22 July 1942, thus allowing his Company to continue the advance.

During an attack on strong German positions in the early morning of 22 July 1942, the Company to which Private Gurney belonged was held up by intense machine-gun fire from posts less than 100 yards ahead, heavy casualties being inflicted on our troops, all the officers being killed or wounded.

Grasping the seriousness of the situation and without hesitation, Private Gurney charged the nearest enemy machine-gun post, bayoneted three men and silenced the post. He then continued on to a second post, bayoneted two men and sent out a third as a prisoner. At his stage a stick grenade was thrown at Private Gurney which knocked him to the ground. He rose again, picked up his rifle and charged a third post using the bayonet with great vigour. He then disappeared from view, and later his body was found in an enemy post.

By this single-handed act of gallantry in the face of a determined enemy, Private Gurney enabled his Company to press forward to its objective, inflicting heavy losses upon the enemy. The successful outcome of this engagement was almost entirely due to Private Gurney's heroism at the moment when it was needed.[1]

Legacy[edit]

The Stan Gurney ward at the former Repatriation General Hospital, Hollywood, and the Stan Gurney V.C. Memorial Bike Race, held annually in Western Australia, are named in his honour.

Medals[edit]

Gurney's medal group, including his Victoria Cross, came into the National Collection in 1994, and is on permanent display at the Australian War Memorial.

Ribbon for the VC Ribbon for the 1939–45 Star

Ribbon for the Africa Star Ribbon for the Defence Medal Ribbon for the War Medal 39–45 Ribbon for the ASM 39–45

Ribbon Description Notes
Ribbon for the VC Victoria Cross (VC)[2] gazetted 1942
Ribbon for the 1939–45 Star 1939-45 Star[3]
Ribbon for the Africa Star Africa Star[4]
Ribbon for the Defence Medal Defence Medal[5]
Ribbon for the War Medal 39–45 War Medal 1939-45[6]
Ribbon for the ASM 39–45 Australia Service Medal 1939-45[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35698. p. 3953. 11 September 1942. Retrieved 17 June 2015.
  2. ^ REL22319.006, Victoria Cross : Private A S Gurney, 2/48 Battalion, Australian War Memorial collection. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  3. ^ REL22319.001, 1939–45 Star : Private A S Gurney, 2/48 Battalion, Australian War Memorial collection. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  4. ^ REL22319.002, Africa Star : Private A S Gurney, 2/48 Battalion, Australian War Memorial collection. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  5. ^ REL22319.003, Defence Medal : Private A S Gurney, 2/48 Battalion, Australian War Memorial collection. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  6. ^ REL22319.004, War Medal 1939–45 : Private A S Gurney, 2/48 Battalion, Australian War Memorial collection. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
  7. ^ REL22319.005, Australia Service Medal : Private A S Gurney, 2/48 Battalion, Australian War Memorial collection. Retrieved 13 November 2009.