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A phenyl group is the simplest aryl group, here bonded to an "R" group.

In the context of organic molecules, aryl is any functional group or substituent derived from an aromatic ring, usually an aromatic hydrocarbon, be it phenyl, naphthyl, thienyl, indolyl, etc. (see Chemical nomenclature).[1] "Aryl" is used for the sake of abbreviation or generalization, and "Ar" is used as a placeholder for the aryl group in chemical structure diagrams.

A simple aryl group is phenyl, C6H5; it is derived from benzene. The tolyl group, CH3C6H4, is derived from toluene (methylbenzene). The xylyl group, (CH3)2C6H3, is derived from xylene (dimethylbenzene), while the naphthyl group, C10H7, is derived from naphthalene.

Arylation is a chemical process in which an aryl group is attached to a substituent.

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ Bock KW, Köhle C (2006). "Ah receptor: dioxin-mediated toxic responses as hints to deregulated physiologic functions". Biochem. Pharmacol. 72 (4): 393–404. PMID 16545780. doi:10.1016/j.bcp.2006.01.017.