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Pump-probe techniques to image effects across short time intervals

Attosecond science also known as attophysics is a branch of Atomic, molecular, and optical physics wherein attosecond (10−18 s) duration pulses of electrons or photons are used to probe dynamic processes in matter with unprecedented time resolution.[1] The majority of attoscience employs pump–probe methods.

One of the primary goals of attosecond science is to provide more insights into the dynamics of electrons in molecules.[2]

Today, attophysicists mostly study molecular phenomena, such as how a particular protein breaks down under X-ray bombardment.

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Attoscience groups


  • ^ P.H. Bucksbaum (2003). "Attophysics: Ultrafast Control". Nature. 421 (6923): 593–594. Bibcode:2003Natur.421..593B. doi:10.1038/421593a. hdl:2027.42/62570. PMID 12571581. S2CID 12268311.
  • ^ P. Agostini, L.F. DiMauro (2004). "The physics of attosecond light pulses". Reports on Progress in Physics. 67 (6): 813–855. Bibcode:2004RPPh...67..813A. doi:10.1088/0034-4885/67/6/R01. S2CID 53399642.
  • Stopping Time: What can you do in a billionth of a billionth of a second?