Austrebertha

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Austreberta)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Saint Austrebertha
Statue sainte austreberthe.jpg
Statue of Austrebertha
Born630
Therouanne, Artois
Died704
Pavilly, Normandy
Venerated inRoman Catholic Church
CanonizedPre-Congregation
Feast10 February
Attributeswolf; depicted as a nun

Austrebertha (Austreberta, Eustreberta, Austreberta of Pavilly) (French: Austreberthe) (630–February 10, 704) was a French nun of the Middle Ages, who took the veil very young and was a nun at the Port Monastery in the Ponthieu. Then she became abbess to the foundation of Pavilly, where she died at the beginning of the eighth century, at the age of 74 years. She is venerated as a saint by the Catholic Church. Her feast day is February 10.

Life[edit]

The daughter of Saint Framechildis and the Count Palatine Badefrid, she was born about 630 in Thérouanne, Pas-de-Calais. She refused to be part of an arranged marriage and in around 656 entered the Port-le-Grand Monastery in Ponthieu. She received the veil from Saint Omer before founding another monastery in Marconne in Artois in the house of her parents. She later established a monastery at Pavilly.[1]

Although not well known outside of Upper Normandy, Austreberthe was said to have performed miracles during her lifetime. It was said that the water of a spring appeared in a chapel and gave rise to a river that had healing properties for the disabled and lame.

There is a chapel in an open field, in Saint-Denis-le-Ferment, in the Eure where a pilgrimage takes place on Whit Monday. Some of her relics are said to have been brought to Canterbury by the Normans.[2]

The two towns named Sainte-Austreberthe refer to her.

Austrebertha and the wolf[edit]

Stained glass window depicting Austrebertha and the wolf

A popular legend told of Austrebertha states that Austreberthe and her nuns used to wash the sacristy cloths of the abbey of Jumieges a few leagues distant from Pavilly. A donkey used to carry the linen from one monastery to another. One day, while looking for the donkey, she came across a wolf. The wolf admitted to killing the donkey and begged for forgiveness. Austrebertha reprimanded the wolf, but forgave him and commanded that he carry the laundry himself, a task that the wolf performed for the rest of its life.[3]

At the place of the death of the donkey a chapel was erected in the seventh century; then, when it fell into ruin, a simple stone cross replaced it. It, in turn, was later replaced by an oak, in which was placed a statue of the Virgin.

This tale is depicted in the stained glass window of the chapel in the village of Sainte-Austreberthe.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Whatley, Gordon. "Austrebertha, Abbess of Pavilly", Sainted Women of the Dark Ages, Duke University Press, 1992ISBN 9780822312161
  2. ^ Monks of Ramsgate. “Austreberta”. Book of Saints, 1921. CatholicSaints.Info. 5 August 2012
  3. ^ Wolves and Early Saints Archived September 12, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]