Azadbeh

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Azadbeh-i Banegan Mahan-i Mihr-Bondad, known in Arabic sources as Azadhbih ibn Baniyan Mahan ibn Mihrbundadh, better simply known as Azadbeh, was a Iranian nobleman, who served as the Sasanian marzban of the al-Hira.

He was born in Hamadan to a family of dehqan origin. In 617, Azadbeh was appointed as the al-Hira, thus succeeding the Persian noble Nakhiragan and the Arab Iyas ibn Qabisah al-Ta'i, whom together had co-governed al-Hira after the execution of the last Lakhmid ruler al-Nu'man III in 602. During his governorship, Azadbeh managed to secure his position by giving his daughter in marry to the lord of Sinnin, who was of higher rank than him.

In 633, during the Muslim invasion of Iran, the Muslims destroyed Amghishiya, an important military post near al-Hira, which Azadbeh saw of much importance. Furthermore, the Muslims had also taken his daughter captive. Knowing that he would soon be their next target, he sent an army under his son, and after some time stationed outside of al-Hira.

However, things did not go as expected, and Azadbeh's son was defeated and killed during a clash with the Muslim military leader Khalid ibn al-Walid, who marched towards al-Hira and easily defeated Azadbeh, who managed to survive and fled from al-Hira. Nothing more is known about him afterwards.

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