These birds have a large bill, a large flat head, and a short forked tail. They have brown upper parts and white underparts, with streaking on the back, breast, and flanks. The face, nape, and crown stripe are yellowish.
They forage on the ground, mainly eating insects in summer and seeds in winter.
These birds usually nest in small loose colonies. Males sing from perches within their nesting territory. The song consists of a short series of high notes followed by a trill. This bird is more often seen than heard.
This bird's numbers have decreased with the loss of suitable habitat.
This bird was named after Spencer Fullerton Baird, an American naturalist.
By: Najma Ali 5th grade mims Ikram Shafii
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- De Smet KD & Miller WS. (1989). Status report on the Baird's sparrow, Ammodramus bairdii, in Canada. Ottawa: Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada, 1989. ii, 28 p. (34 pages).
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- Maher WJ. (1979). Nestling Diets of Prairie Passerine Birds at Matador Saskatchewan Canada. Ibis. vol 121, no 4. pp. 437–452.
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- Martin PA & Forsyth DJ. (2003). Occurrence and productivity of songbirds in prairie farmland under conventional versus minimum tillage regimes. Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment. vol 96, no 1-3. pp. 107–117.
- Martin PA, Johnson DL, Forsyth DJ & Hill BD. (2000). Effects of two grasshopper control insecticides on food resources and reproductive success of two species of grassland songbirds. Environmental Toxicology & Chemistry. vol 19, no 12. pp. 2987–2996.
- Pylypec B. (1991). Impacts of Fire on Bird Populations in a Fescue Prairie. Canadian Field Naturalist. vol 105, no 3. pp. 346–349.
- Sutter GC & Brigham RM. (1998). Avifaunal and habitat changes resulting from conversion of native prairie to crested wheat grass: Patterns at songbird community and species levels. Canadian Journal of Zoology. vol 76, no 5. pp. 869–875.
- Sutter GC, Troupe T & Forbes M. (1995). Abundance of Baird's sparrows, Ammodramus bairdii, in native prairie and introduced vegetation. Ecoscience. vol 2, no 4. pp. 344–348.
- Voelker G. (2004). Can migrants do it faster? Accelerated molt of Baird's Sparrows and further insights into southwestern molting grounds. Condor. vol 106, no 4. pp. 910–914.
- Wilson SD & Belcher JW. (1989). Plant and Bird Communities of Native Prairie and Introduced Eurasian Vegetation in Manitoba Canada. Conservation Biology. vol 3, no 1. pp. 39–44.
By: NAJMA Ali 5th grade By:hibak omar,lucky abdi,sundus jibril,Nasra Mohamed,and Hikima Feyesso.
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