Barrett–Crane model

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The Barrett–Crane model is a model in quantum gravity which was defined using the Plebanski action.[1][2]

The B field in the action is supposed to be a so(3, 1)-valued 2-form, i.e. taking values in the Lie algebra of a special orthogonal group. The term

B^{ij} \wedge B^{kl}

in the action has the same symmetries as it does to provide the Einstein–Hilbert action. But the form of


is not unique and can be posed by the different forms:

  • \pm e^i \wedge e^j
  • \pm \epsilon^{ijkl} e_k \wedge e_l

where e^i is the tetrad and \epsilon^{ijkl} is the antisymmetric symbol of the so(3, 1)-valued 2-form fields.

The Plebanski action can be constrained to produce the BF model which is a theory of no local degrees of freedom. John W. Barrett and Louis Crane modeled the analogous constraint on the summation over spin foam.

The Barrett–Crane model on spin foam quantizes the Plebanski action, but its path integral amplitude corresponds to the degenerate B field and not the specific definition

B^{ij} = e^i \wedge e^j,

which formally satisfies the Einstein's field equation of general relativity. However, if analysed with the tools of loop quantum gravity the Barrett–Crane model gives an incorrect long-distance limit [1], and so the model is not identical to loop quantum gravity.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Barrett, John W.; Louis Crane (1998), "Relativistic spin networks and quantum gravity", J.Math.Phys. 39 39: 3296–3302, arXiv:gr-qc/9709028, Bibcode:1998JMP....39.3296B, doi:10.1063/1.532254 
  2. ^ Barrett, John W.; Louis Crane, "A Lorentzian signature model for quantum general relativity", Classical and Quantum Gravity 17, arXiv:gr-qc/9904025, Bibcode:2000CQGra..17.3101B, doi:10.1088/0264-9381/17/16/302