Beaconsfield (MBTA station)

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BEACONSFIELD
Beaconsfield station from Dean Road steps, November 2015.JPG
Facing inbound at Beaconsfield station in November 2015
Location Beaconsfield Road
Brookline, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°20′09″N 71°08′26″W / 42.33583°N 71.14056°W / 42.33583; -71.14056Coordinates: 42°20′09″N 71°08′26″W / 42.33583°N 71.14056°W / 42.33583; -71.14056
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Line(s)
  Green Line– "D" Branch
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Construction
Bicycle facilities 8 spaces
History
Opened 1907 (original station)
July 4, 1959 (modern station)[2]
Closed May 31, 1958[1]
Traffic
Passengers (2011) 1,075[3]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
toward Riverside
Green Line

Beaconsfield is a light rail station on the MBTA Green Line "D" Branch, located off Dean Road and Beaconsfield Road just south of Beacon Street in Brookline, Massachusetts. Like the other stops on the line, it was formerly a commuter rail station on the Boston and Albany Railroad's Highland Branch, which was closed and converted to a branch of the Green Line. The station reopened along with the rest of the line in 1959.[2]

Beaconsfield is not handicapped accessible; the low platforms do not permit level boarding. Beaconsfield station is located one block from Dean Road station on the "C" Branch of the Green Line, offering an easy transfer point. The interchange is outside of fare control; passengers must still pay a second fare. The station has no MBTA Bus connections.[4]

History[edit]

B&A station[edit]

1910 postcard of Beaconsfield station

The Boston and Worcester Railroad opened a 1.4-mile (2.3 km) branch from Brookline Junction to Brookline on April 10, 1848.[1] The Charles River Branch Railroad extended the Brookline Branch to Newton Upper Falls in November 1852 and to Needham in June 1853.[1][5] The Boston and Albany Railroad bought back the line, then part of the New York and New England Railroad, in February 1883. It was double-tracked and extended to the B&A main at Riverside; "Newton Circuit" service via the Highland Branch and the main line began on May 16, 1886.[1]

There was not originally a station on the line at Dean Road, as it was close to Reservoir station. In late 1906, transit magnate Henry Melville Whitney built a new station to serve his nearby Beaconsfield hotel.[6] Work on the station began in October 1906 by the firm of Benjamin Fox. It was constructed in a heavy stone style similar to the Richardsonian Romanesque stations constructed elsewhere on the B&A system in the previous two decades.[7] By November, the masonry was largely complete, the roof ready for tile, and the granolithic floor and 330-foot (100 m) platform ready to be poured.[8] The platform was poured in December 1906, and the station was opened then or soon after.[9]

Conversion to trolley service[edit]

The 1959-built wooden shelter

In June 1957, the Massachusetts Legislature approved the purchase of the branch by the M.T.A. from the nearly-bankrupt New York Central Railroad for conversion to a trolley line. Service ended on May 31, 1958.[1] The line was quickly converted for trolley service, and the line including Beaconsfield station reopened on July 4, 1959.[2] The 1906-built station was torn down to build a parking lot; a small wooden shelter was built on the inbound platform.

The M.T.A. was folded into the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in August 1964.[2] The station has not been substantially modified during the MBTA era, though a heated shelter for fare machines on the outbound side was added around 2006.

Station layout[edit]

G
Street/
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outbound "D" Branch toward Riverside (Reservoir)
Inbound "D" Branch toward Government Center (Brookline Hills)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Humphrey, Thomas J.; Clark, Norton D. (1985). Boston's Commuter Rail: The First 150 Years. Boston Street Railway Association. pp. 21–24. ISBN 9780685412947. 
  2. ^ a b c d Belcher, Jonathan (27 June 2015). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2015" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 7 November 2015. 
  3. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. 
  4. ^ "Beaconsfield Station Neighborhood Map" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. April 2012. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  5. ^ Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 277, 288–289. ISBN 0942147022. 
  6. ^ "Vacation Notes". The Independent. 62: lvib. 
  7. ^ "New Engineering Work". Monthly Bulletin. Boston Society of Civil Engineers: 11. October 1906 – via Internet Archive. 
  8. ^ "New Engineering Work". Monthly Bulletin. Boston Society of Civil Engineers: 15. November 1906 – via Internet Archive. 
  9. ^ "New Engineering Work". Monthly Bulletin. Boston Society of Civil Engineers: 11. December 1906 – via Internet Archive. 

External links[edit]