Lithia water is defined as a type of mineral water characterized by the presence of lithium salts (as lithium carbonate or lithium chloride). Natural lithia mineral spring waters are rare and there are few commercially bottled lithia water products.
Between the 1880s and World War I, the consumption of bottled lithia mineral water was popular. The most premium of all the mineral water brands were lithia waters because of their acclaimed health benefits. One of the first commercially sold lithia waters in the United States was bottled at Lithia Springs, Georgia in 1888. During this era there was such a demand for lithia water that there was a proliferation of bottled lithia water products, however only a few were natural lithia spring waters. Most of the bottled lithia water brands added lithium bicarbonate to spring water and called it lithia water. With the advent of World War I and the formation of the new US government food safety agency, mineral water bottlers were under scrutiny. The new agency posted large fines against mineral water bottlers for mislabeled, misrepresented, and adulterated products. These government actions and their publicity along with public works that made clean tap water readily accessible caused the American public to lose confidence and interest in bottled mineral water.
- Lithia, a brand of bottled lithia water sourced from Lithia Springs since 1888
- Londonderry Lithia, a brand of bottled lithia water produced during the late 19th and early 20th centuries
- Merriam-Webster Dictionary " http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/lithia%20water"
- Loring Bullard (2004) "Healing waters: Missouri's historic mineral springs and spas"
- Davis, Fannie Mae Davis (1987). From Indian Trail to Interstate 20 , Douglas County History book, USA.
- De Vierville (1992) "American Healing Waters"