Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli

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Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli
Leonardo da Vinci - Hanging of Bernardo Baroncelli 1479.jpg
Hanging of Bernardo Baroncelli in Florence by Leonardo da Vinci
Born Bernardo Bandini dei Baroncelli
January 15, 1420
Florence, Italy
Died December 29, 1479(1479-12-29) (aged 59)
Florence, Italy
Cause of death Hanging
Occupation Merchant
Victims Giuliano de' Medici
Date 26 April 1478
Country Italy
Location(s) Duomo of Florence
Target(s) Medici
Killed Giuliano de' Medici
Injured Lorenzo de' Medici
Weapons Knife

Bernardo Bandini Baroncelli (15 January 1420 – 29 December 1479) was an Italian merchant and one of the instigators of the Pazzi Conspiracy.[1]

As the opening stroke of the Pazzi Conspiracy, Giuliano de' Medici was assassinated on Easter Sunday, 26 April 1478 in the Duomo of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore, by Francesco de' Pazzi and Bernardo Baroncelli.[2] Giuliano was killed by a sword wound to the head and was stabbed 19 times.[3] Baroncelli was arrested in Constantinopole.[4] Antonio Medici was sent to deliver him from Istanbul. Bandini was hanged on 29 December at the Palazzo del Bargello.[5]

Bernardo Baroncelli was drawn in a macabre sketch by Leonardo da Vinci in Florence in 1479 showing the body of Bernardo Baroncelli hanged, in connection with the murder of Giuliano in the Pazzi conspiracy.[6] With dispassionate integrity Leonardo has registered in neat mirror writing the colours of the robes that Baroncelli was wearing when he died.

In popular culture[edit]

Bernardo Baroncelli is played by Giovanni Pagliano as a tenor voice in the opera I Medici, composed by Ruggero Leoncavallo.[7][8] He appears in the videogame Assassin's Creed II and is killed by Ezio Auditore.[9]


  1. ^ Pampaloni, Guido (1963). "BANDINI dei Baroncelli, Bernardo". Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 5: Bacca–Baratta (in Italian). Rome: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana.
  2. ^ Smedley, Edward; James, Hugh James; Rose, Henry John (1845). Encyclopaedia Metropolitana; Or, Universal Dictionary of Knowledge on an Original Plan Comprising the Twofold Advantage of a Philosophical and an Alphabetical Arrangement, with Appropriate Engravings. B. Fellowes. p. 272.
  3. ^ Koestler-Grack, Rachel A. (1974). Joseph, Michael, ed. Leonardo Da Vinci: Artist, Inventor, and Renaissance Man. Infobase Publishing. p. 152. ISBN 978-0791086261.
  4. ^ Babinger, Franz (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691010781.
  5. ^ Morelli, Giovanni di Jacopo; Morelli, Lionardo di Lorenzo; di San Luigi, Idelfonso (1785). Croniche. Firenze: Gaetano Cambiagi. p. 195.
  6. ^ Popham, A. E. (1946). The Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci. p. 184.
  7. ^ "Almanacco 9 November 1893" (in Italian). AmadeusOnline. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  8. ^ Farr, Robert J. (August 2010). "Review - Leoncavallo - I Medici". MusicWeb International. Retrieved 30 August 2010.
  9. ^ Segers, Andre (3 February 2012). "Assassin's Creed II Walkthrough". GameSpot. CBS Interactive Inc. Retrieved 10 May 2018.