Bist, Ordubad

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Bist
Municipality
Bist is located in Azerbaijan
Bist
Bist
Coordinates: 39°08′58″N 45°52′50″E / 39.14944°N 45.88056°E / 39.14944; 45.88056Coordinates: 39°08′58″N 45°52′50″E / 39.14944°N 45.88056°E / 39.14944; 45.88056
Country  Azerbaijan
Autonomous republic Nakhchivan
Rayon Ordubad
Population (2005)[citation needed]
 • Total 483
Time zone AZT (UTC+4)

Bist is a village and municipality in the Ordubad Rayon of Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan. It is located in the near of the Ordubad-Nurgut highway, in the north-west from the district center. Its population is busy with gardening, beekeeping and animal husbandry. There are secondary school, club, library and a medical center in the village. It has a population of 483.[1]

History[edit]

Historically part of the Goghtn Region of Armenia, the settlement had several Armenian churches. In the village was the Surp Astvatsatsin church - a basilica plan church with a porch, In the countryside nearby was the Surp Nishan monastery[2]

Bist bridge I[edit]

The historical monument of the XVII century is located on the Alahi river flowing by the west side of the Bist village. There is also information about the construction of the bridge in the period of Shah Abbas I. Width of the two-arched bridge, built with stone and brick is 3.8 m, length is 21 m and height is 10 m. Sides of the bridge which served to the trade caravans, moving with branches of the Great Silk Road, were covered with iron. Previously, sides of the bridge was reinforced with the local reddish stones.[3]

Bist Bridge II[edit]

The bridge of the XVII-XVIII centuries is located on the Nasirvaz river, in the south east of the Bist village. Width of bridge is 4 m, length is 21 m and height is 10 m. The main purpose of the monument, built stone and brick, with single arch and covered with iron sides is designed to facilitate the movement of trade caravans and passers. In the south side of the bridge, on the stone was written date "in 1868". Although the techniques of construction is similar with the first bridge, it was built in the next period. It is assumed that the bridge was repaired in 1868.[3][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ANAS, Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (2005). Nakhchivan Encyclopedia. volume I. Baku: ANAS. p. 89. ISBN 5-8066-1468-9. 
  2. ^ Argam Aivazian, "Nakhijevan Book of Monuments", Yerevan 1990, pages 196-199.
  3. ^ a b Qiyasi, Cəfər (1991). Nizami dövrünün memarlıq abidələri. Bakı: İşıq nəşriyyatı. 
  4. ^ Naxçıvanın diyarının qədim körpüləri