Black-headed siskin

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Black-headed siskin
Carduelis notata.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Genus: Spinus
Species: S. notatus
Binomial name
Spinus notatus
Du Bus de Gisignies, 1847

Carduelis notata

The black-headed siskin (Spinus notatus) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found in Belize, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, and Nicaragua. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist montane forests and heavily degraded former forest.


This species is considered the extant "father" of the South American siskin radiation.[2]


This bird is one of the extant parental species of one of the Spinus/Carduelis North American radiation which extended to South America after closing of the Isthmus of Panama .[3] The species S. atratus, S. crassirostris, S. spinescens, S. yarrelli, S. magellanicus, S. olivaceus, S. xanthogastrus, and S. barbatus are believed to have resulted from this radiation.

Spinus notatus passing the Isthmus of Panama when it was closed [2]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Carduelis notatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Arnaiz-Villena, A; Alvarez-Tejado M; Ruiz-del-Valle V; Garcia-de-la-Torre C; Varela P; Recio MJ; Ferre S; Martinez-Laso J (1998). "Phylogeny and rapid northern and southern hemisphere speciation of goldfinches during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs" (PDF). Cell.Mol.Life.Sci. 54 (9): 1031–41. doi:10.1007/s000180050230. PMID 9791543. 
  3. ^ Arnaiz-Villena, A; Areces C; Rey D; Enríquez-de-Salamanca M; Alonso-Rubio J; Ruiz-del-Valle V (2012). "Three Different North American Siskin/Goldfinch Evolutionary Radia-tions (Genus Carduelis): Pine Siskin Green Morphs and European Siskins in America" (PDF). The Open Ornithology Journal. 5: 73–81. doi:10.2174/1874453201205010073. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 September 2013. 

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