With Peter Cawse, Bowen grew, dried and crushed a large amount of marrow-stem kale (Brassica oleracea var. medullosa) into 100 kg of a homogeneous and stable powder in 1960 that was subsequently freely distributed to researchers around the world for over two decades. This was probably the first successful example of such a de facto standard. It stimulated preparation of further materials by other organizations for similar use.
- "Jar of Bowen's Kale (Botanical Reference Material), Prepared by H. J. M. Bowen, 1960s". Oxford: Museum of the History of Science. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
- Katz, S. A. (January 2002). "Bowen's Kale: A brief review dedicated to the late Professor Humphry John Moule Bowen, 1929–2001" (PDF). Journal of Radioanalytical and Nuclear Chemistry. 251 (1): 3–5.
- Bowen's Kale: A brief review dedicated to the late Professor Humphry John Moule Bowen, 1929–2001
- Moffatt, J. Michael (17 October 2001). "Humphry Bowen: Practical botanist and chemist exploring the natural world". The Guardian.
- Bowen, H. J. M., A standard biological material for elementary analysis. In P. W. Sallis (ed.), Proc. of the SAC Conference, Nottingham, UK, pp. 25–31. Cambridge: W. Heffer and Sons, 1965.
- Bowen, H. J. M., Kale as a reference material. In W. R. Wolf (ed.), Biological Reference Materials: Availability, uses and need for validation of nutrient measurement, pp. 3–17. John Wiley & Sons, 1984.
- Stoeppler, M., Wolf, W. R. and Jenks, P. J. (eds.), Reference Materials for Chemical Analysis: Certification, Availability and Proper Usage. Weinheim: Wiley-VCH, 2001. ISBN 3-527-30162-3. (See pages 4, 26, 59 & 216.)
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