Bridge Creek (John Day River)

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Bridge Creek
BridgeCreekpaintedhills.jpg
Bridge Creek in the Painted Hills
Name origin: A small bridge made of juniper logs that mining prospectors built over bridge creek in about 1862.[1]
Country United States
State Oregon
County Wheeler
Source Ochoco Mountains
 - location Mount Pisgah, Wheeler County, Oregon
 - elevation 6,333 ft (1,930 m) [2]
 - coordinates 44°28′00″N 120°14′27″W / 44.46667°N 120.24083°W / 44.46667; -120.24083 [3]
Mouth John Day River [3]
 - location Near Coyote Canyon, Wheeler County, Oregon
 - elevation 1,483 ft (452 m) [3]
 - coordinates 44°44′10″N 120°18′30″W / 44.73611°N 120.30833°W / 44.73611; -120.30833Coordinates: 44°44′10″N 120°18′30″W / 44.73611°N 120.30833°W / 44.73611; -120.30833 [3]
Length 28 mi (45 km) [3]
Basin 267 sq mi (692 km2) [4]
Discharge for Coyote Canyon, 0.75 miles (1.21 km) from mouth
 - average 48 cu ft/s (1 m3/s) [4][5]
 - max 221 cu ft/s (6 m3/s)
 - min 0.15 cu ft/s (0 m3/s)
Location of the mouth of Bridge Creek in Oregon

Bridge Creek is a 28-mile (45 km) tributary of the John Day River in the U.S. state of Oregon.[3] Part of the drainage basin of the Columbia River, its watershed covers 267 square miles (690 km2) in Wheeler County.[4]

From its headwaters in the Ochoco Mountains in central Oregon, the creek flows generally northeast for about 13 miles (21 km) from Mount Pisgah in the Bridge Creek Wilderness to the small city of Mitchell on U.S. Route 26. From Mitchell, it flows generally northwest for about 15 miles (24 km), passing through the Painted Hills unit of the John Day Fossil Beds National Monument before meeting the John Day River.[6]

Bridge Creek is subject to occasional flash floods, which have affected Mitchell as well as rural areas nearby. Surging water along the creek, which flows parallel to Main Street in Mitchell, caused great damage in 1884 and 1904.[7] A third flood occurred on July 13, 1956, shortly after an intense thunderstorm in the Ochoco Mountains. The creek is usually less than 12 inches (30 cm) deep in Mitchell during July.[8] Minutes after the thunderstorm, a sudden surge of water destroyed or heavily damaged 20 buildings in the city and several bridges over Bridge Creek. An observer from the United States Geological Survey estimated that about 4 inches (100 mm) of rain had fallen in about 50 minutes at the storm's center.[8] Total damage from the flood, which also caused extensive damage to crops and roads, was $709,000.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003). Oregon Geographic Names, Seventh Edition. Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. pp. 110–11. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  2. ^ Source elevation derived from Google Earth search using GNIS source coordinates.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Bridge Creek". Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). United States Geological Survey (USGS). November 28, 1980. Retrieved September 26, 2008. 
  4. ^ a b c "USGS 14046778 Bridge Creek above Coyote Canyon near Mitchell, OR". United States Geological Survey. 2008. Retrieved September 27, 2008. 
  5. ^ The average discharge rate is based only on the one full calendar year, 2006, for which data is available from this gauge.
  6. ^ Oregon Atlas & Gazetteer (Map) (1991 ed.). DeLorme Mapping. § 80. ISBN 0-89933-235-8. 
  7. ^ "Oregon Historic Photographs Collection". Salem Public Library. Retrieved September 24, 2008. 
  8. ^ a b "Some of the Area's Rainstorms". National Weather Service Forecast Office, Portland, Oregon. Retrieved September 22, 2008. 
  9. ^ "Flood of 1955-1956: Columbia River and Tributaries". U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Archived from the original on January 10, 2009. Retrieved September 22, 2008.