Southern crested toad
|Southern crested toad|
Bufo guentheri Cochran, 1941
The southern crested toad or Gunther's Caribbean toad (Peltophryne guentheri) is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is endemic to Hispaniola and found in the lowlands of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Peltophryne fracta was described as a subspecies of this species, but is now recognized as a separate species.
Males grow to 74 mm (2.9 in) and females to 101 mm (4.0 in) in snout–vent length.
Habitat and ecology
Natural habitats of Peltophryne guentheri are dry lowland valleys in both mesic and xeric areas. These frogs have been observed to sit on or by piles of cattle manure. They appear to use sit-and-wait foraging strategy to catch insects on manure.
- Hedges, B.; Inchaustegui, S.; Hernandez, M. & Powell, R. (2004). "Peltophryne guentheri". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Peltophryne guentheri (Cochran, 1941)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2015). "Peltophryne fracta (Schwartz, 1972)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 14 September 2015.
- Landestoy, Miguel A.; Robert Ortíz & Patricia Torres (2015). "Use of cow manure by two sympatric species of toads in the northwestern Dominican Republic" (PDF). IRCF Reptiles & Amphibians: Conservation and Natural History. 22 (2): 83–86.