Bufo vertebralis Smith, 1848
Poyntonophrynus vertebralis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in South Africa, Lesotho, and possibly Botswana and southeastern Zimbabwe. It has many common names: pigmy toad, pygmy toad, flat toad, African dwarf toad, and southern pygmy toad.
Its natural habitats are Nama karroo shrubland, grassland, dry savanna, and pastureland. It is a locally common species that breeds in various small waterbodies (temporary shallow pans, pools or depressions containing rainwater, quarries, and rock pools along rivers). It is locally threatened by habitat loss.
- IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2013). "Poyntonophrynus vertebralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Poyntonophrynus vertebralis". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- Breda Zimkus & C. Michael Hogan. "Poyntonophrynus vertebralis (Smith, 1848)". African Amphibians Lifedesk. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
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