Poyntonophrynus vertebralis

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Poyntonophrynus vertebralis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Bufonidae
Genus: Poyntonophrynus
Species: P. vertebralis
Binomial name
Poyntonophrynus vertebralis
(Smith, 1842)

Bufo vertebralis Smith, 1848

Poyntonophrynus vertebralis is a species of toad in the family Bufonidae. It is found in South Africa, Lesotho, and possibly Botswana[1][2][3] and southeastern Zimbabwe.[2] It has many common names: pigmy toad, pygmy toad, flat toad, African dwarf toad, and southern pygmy toad.[2][3]

Its natural habitats are Nama karroo shrubland, grassland, dry savanna, and pastureland. It is a locally common species that breeds in various small waterbodies (temporary shallow pans, pools or depressions containing rainwater, quarries, and rock pools along rivers). It is locally threatened by habitat loss.[1]


  1. ^ a b c IUCN SSC Amphibian Specialist Group (2013). "Poyntonophrynus vertebralis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Poyntonophrynus vertebralis". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 1 January 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Breda Zimkus & C. Michael Hogan. "Poyntonophrynus vertebralis (Smith, 1848)". African Amphibians Lifedesk. Retrieved 1 January 2015.