Cameroonian presidential election, 1992

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Presidential elections were held in Cameroon on 11 October 1992. They were the first presidential election since multi-party politics had been legalised, and were also the first to feature more than one candidate. Incumbent Paul Biya won with 39.98% of the vote.[1] Voter turnout was 71.9%.[2]


The 1992 presidential elections were a crucial moment in Cameroon's post-independence history. Although an assortment of opposition leaders—most importantly the anglophone Social Democratic Front leader John Fru Ndi—furiously opposed President Biya and sought to unseat him between 1990 and 1992, they were ultimately unable to do so. Although opposition was successful in forcing Biya to accept multi-party politics and severely pressured his regime, he nevertheless retained control of the country and faced a divided opposition in the 1992 elections. The opposition's failure to present a single candidate offered a significant advantage to Biya, as the electoral law did not provide for a second round, and therefore the opposition candidates could not unite against Biya in the event he failed to win a majority.


Official results showed Biya winning the election with 40% of the vote, while Fru Ndi trailed with 36%. The results were denounced as fraudulent by the opposition, and Fru Ndi claimed victory, but his claim proved fruitless.

Candidate Party Votes %
Paul Biya Cameroon People's Democratic Movement 1,185,466 40.0
John Fru Ndi Social Democratic Front 1,066,602 36.0
Bello Bouba Maigari National Union for Democracy and Progress 569,887 19.2
Adamou Ndam Njoya Cameroon Democratic Union 107,411 3.6
Jean-Jacques Ekindi Progressive Movement 23,525 0.8
Emah Otu Grouping of Patriotic Forces 12,545 0.4
Invalid/blank votes 50,012
Total 3,015,448 100
Registered voters/turnout 4,195,687 71.9
Source: Nohlen et al.


After the election, the opposition began a long and gradual decline in strength from which it has never recovered, while Biya began to consolidate power again.


  1. ^ Elections in Cameroon, African Elections Database
  2. ^ Nohlen, D, Krennerich, M & Thibaut, B (1999) Elections in Africa: A data handbook, p184 ISBN 0-19-829645-2