Candida Maria of Jesus
- For the Italian nun, please see: Maria Candida of the Eucharist
Cándida María de Jesús
31 May 1845|
Andoáin, Gipúzkoa, Kingdom of Spain
|Died||9 August 1912
Salamanca, Kingdom of Spain
|Venerated in||Roman Catholic Church|
|Beatified||12 May 1996, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope John Paul II|
|Canonized||17 October 2010, Saint Peter's Square, Vatican City by Pope Benedict XVI|
Saint Cándida María de Jesús (31 May 1845 – 9 August 1912) - born Juana Josefa Cipitria i Barriola - was a Spanish professed religious and the founder of the Daughters of Jesus. The order - founded in 1871 - was under Jesuit direction from her spiritual director and was involved with the education of children in Salamanca though expanded during her lifetime.
Barriola was canonized as a saint on 17 October 2010.
Juana Josefa Cipitria i Barriola was born in mid-1845 as the eldest of seven children to the weavers Juan Miguel Cipitria and María Jesús Barriola. Her father was a weaver. Rather than attend school she helped look after her siblings because she was the eldest child. She received her Confirmation on 5 August 1848 and made her First Communion in 1855.
Aged eighteen she went to Burgos to help support the household and worked as a domestic servant in various homes. Barriola was affected to a great degree from the depth of the poor conditions that she witnessed in a place undergoing the social effects of the Industrial Revolution in her native land.
The Jesuit priest Miguel José Herranz advised her on her path ahead and at his advice started a number of charitable and educations programs; the two met in Valladolid in 1868. Barriola believed that she experienced a vision of Jesus Christ on 26 March 1869 on Good Friday. On 8 December 1871 - alongside five companions - she founded the Daughters of Jesus and she assumed the religious name: "Cándida María de Jesús".
The nun founded the congregation for the education of children and the advancement of the women in Salamanca. The congregation received diocesan approval from the Bishop of Salamanca on 3 April 1873. On 8 December 1873 she made her solemn profession.
Barriola based her spiritual principles and practices on the Spiritual Exercises. Father Herranz collaborated with her as she wrote the constitutions for the order which received the decree of praise from Pope Leo XIII on 6 August 1901; full papal approval came from Pope Pius X after her death in 1913. Barriola was a contemplative religious and was immersed in God who spent long hours before the tabernacle where she became serene even in trials and suffering. Her motto for life was: "I am for God alone".
The informative phase for the beatification process spanned in Salamanca from 17 June 1942 until 9 July 1957; all of her spiritual writings received theological approval on 25 October 1961. The formal introduction to the cause came on 22 September 1978 under Pope John Paul I and she became titled as a Servant of God. The informative phase received validation in Rome from the Congregation for the Causes of Saints on 7 October 1982 while later receiving the Positio dossier from the postulation in 1989. Theologians approved this dossier on 12 March 1993 as did the C.C.S. on 22 June 1993; the confirmation of her heroic virtue allowed Pope John Paul II to title her as Venerable on 6 July 1993.
The miracle for beatification was investigated in Spain and received C.C.S. validation on 17 December 1983; the medical experts approved it on 22 June 1994 as did theologians on 28 October 1994 and the C.C.S. on 10 January 1995. John Paul II approved this miracle on 6 April 1995 and beatified the late religious on 12 May 1996 in Saint Peter's Square.
Another miracle needed for her to become a saint was investigated again in Spain and it received C.C.S. validation on 10 June 2005 before medical experts approved it on 25 September 2008. Theologians likewise approved this miracle on 7 March 2009 as did the C.C.S. on 16 June 2009. Pope Benedict XVI approved this miracle on 3 July 2009 and canonized her as a saint on 17 October 2010.
- "Saint Candida Maria de Jesus Cipitria y Barriola". Saints SQPN. 15 November 2016. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "CANONIZATIONS from 16 June 1993 to 11 October 1998". EWTN. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- "Blessed Candida Maria of Jesus". Santi e Beati. Retrieved 3 February 2017.