Candidatus Liberibacter

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Candidatus Liberibacter
Potato psyllid.jpg
The potato psyllid, Bactericera cockerelli, feeds on a potato and infects it with Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum, the bacterium that causes zebra chip disease.
Scientific classification
Candidatus Liberibacter

Jagoueix et al., 1997

See text

Candidatus Liberibacter is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria in the Rhizobiaceae family. The term Candidatus indicates that it has not proved possible to maintain this bacterium in culture. Detection of the liberibacters is based on PCR amplification of their 16S rRNA gene with specific primers. Members of the genus are plant pathogens mostly transmitted by psyllids. The genus was originally spelled Liberobacter.[1]


Named species include:[2]


  1. ^ Taxonomy browser
  2. ^ UniProt Consortium
  3. ^ EPPO Archived 2010-07-13 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ ‘Candidatus Liberibacter americanus’, associated with citrus huanglongbing (greening disease) in São Paulo State, Brazil
  5. ^ Featured Creatures
  6. ^ Complete genome sequence of Liberibacter crescens BT-1
  7. ^ Raddadi, N; Gonella, E; Camerota, C; Pizzinat, A; Tedeschi, R; Crotti, E; Mandrioli, M; Bianco, PA; Daffonchio, D; Alma, A (2011). "'Candidatus Liberibacter europaeus' sp. nov. that is associated with and transmitted by the psyllid Cacopsylla pyri apparently behaves as an endophyte rather than a pathogen". Environ. Microbiol. 13 (2): 414–26. doi:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2010.02347.x. hdl:2318/133454. PMID 21040355.
  8. ^ A New Huanglongbing Species, "Candidatus Liberibacter psyllaurous", Found To Infect Tomato and Potato, Is Vectored by the Psyllid Bactericera cockerelli (Sulc){triangledown}
  9. ^ Manipulation of Plant Defense Responses by the Tomato Psyllid (Bactericerca cockerelli) and Its Associated Endosymbiont Candidatus Liberibacter Psyllaurous
  10. ^ "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum", associated with plants in the family Solanaceae
  11. ^ Evidence that the Zebra Chip Disease and the Putative Causal Agent Can be Maintained in Potatoes by Grafting and In Vitro
  12. ^ Nelson, Warrick R; Sengoda, Venkatesan G; Alfaro-Fernandez, Ana O; Font, Maria I; Crosslin, James M; Munyaneza, Joseph E (2012). "A new haplotype of "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum" identified in the Mediterranean region". European Journal of Plant Pathology. 135 (4): 633–639. doi:10.1007/s10658-012-0121-3.
  13. ^ Teresani, Gabriela R; Bertolini, Edson; Alfaro-Fernández, Ana; Martínez, Carmen; Tanaka, Francisco André Ossamu; Kitajima, Elliot W; Roselló, Montserrat; Sanjuán, Susana; Ferrándiz, Juan Carlos; López, María M; Cambra, Mariano; Font, María Isabel (2014). "Association of "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum" with a vegetative disorder of celery in Spain and development of a real-time PCR method for its detection". Phytopathology. 104 (8): 804–11. doi:10.1094/PHYTO-07-13-0182-R. PMID 24502203.
  14. ^ Nelson, Warrick R; Fisher, Tonja W; Munyaneza, Joseph E (2011). "Haplotypes of "Candidatus Liberibacter solanacearum" suggest long-standing separation". European Journal of Plant Pathology. 130: 5–12. doi:10.1007/s10658-010-9737-3.
  15. ^ Morris, Jacqueline; Shiller, Jason; Mann, Rachel; Smith, Grant; Yen, Alan; Rodoni, Brendan (2017-07-01). "Novel 'Candidatus Liberibacter' species identified in the Australian eggplant psyllid, Acizzia solanicola". Microbial Biotechnology. 10 (4): 833–844. doi:10.1111/1751-7915.12707. ISSN 1751-7915. PMC 5481521. PMID 28387006.