Carpenter's mate

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Carpenter's mate
Issued by United States Navy
Type Enlisted rating
Abbreviation CM
Specialty Hull

Carpenter's mate (CM) was a United States Navy rating throughout the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century.

The rating was established in 1797, and separate pay grades were implemented in 1893.[1] The sleeve insignia for the rating depicted two crossed axes. Responsibilities of carpenter's mates included maintaining ship ventilation, watertight control, painting, and drainage.[2] During the era of wooden ships, carpenter's mates were charged with maintaining the integrity of the ship's hull. In times of battle, carpenter's mates would fight fires and use plugs to patch holes in the hull.[3] In 1948, the rating was changed to damage controlman.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Malin, Charles A. (19 May 1999). "Compilation of Enlisted Ratings and Apprenticeships, U.S. Navy, 1775 to 1969". Naval History & Heritage Command. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
  2. ^ "The Bluejackets' manual". Annapolis, Maryland: United States Naval Institute. 1944. 
  3. ^ Williams, Glenn F. (April 2002). "Uncle Sam's Webfeet: The Union Navy in the Civil War". International Journal of Naval History. 1 (1). Archived from the original on May 20, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2010.