Department of Criminal Intelligence
The Department of Criminal Intelligence was the central domestic and foreign intelligence organisation in India under the British Raj. It was set up in April 1904 under Sir Harold Stuart on recommendations of H.L. Fraser, following the report of the 1903 Police Commission instituted by the then Viceroy of India Lord Curzon. It remained the most important intelligence organisation in India until the end of the Raj in 1947.
- Popplewell 1995, p. 42 "Curzon appointed a Police Commission ... It completed its work in 1903 ... a Department of Criminal Intelligence (DCI) was attached to the Government of India ... it was soon to become both the central domestic and foreign intelligence agency of the Raj."
- The history of British India. By John F. Riddick. pp87. Published by Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006. ISBN 0-313-32280-5.
- Popplewell, Richard J. (1995), Intelligence and Imperial Defence: British Intelligence and the Defence of the Indian Empire 1904-1924, Routledge, p. 42, ISBN 0-7146-4580-X