Château d'Eau (Paris Métro)
|Paris Métro station|
|Location||51/53, boul. de Strasbourg|
10th arrondissement of Paris
|Opened||21 April 1908|
Château d'Eau station lies within the 10th arrondissement of Paris, specifically at the intersection of Boulevard de Strasbourg and Rue du Château d'Eau, the latter of which gives it name to the station. The road, in turn, received its name from the square to the east of the current station that was known as the Place du Château d'Eau until 1879. The fountain in the square, known as the Girard Fountain, served as a water tower (thus the term "château d'eau") until it was replaced by the David Fountain. The fountains were absorbed into the new Place de la République in 1880.
The surrounding area is mostly residential in nature. However, the Gare de l'Est and Place de République are within short walking distance, especially the latter which is a 500 m (1,640 ft) walk down the Rue du Château d'Eau.
Château d'Eau station opened on 21 April 1908 as part of the initial stretch of Line 4 from Porte de Clignancourt in the north to Châtelet in the south.
|B1||Mezzanine for platform connection|
|Line 4 platform level||Side platform, doors will open on the right|
|Northbound||← toward Porte de Clignancourt (Gare de l'Est)|
|Southbound||toward Mairie de Montrouge (Strasbourg – Saint-Denis) →|
|Side platform, doors will open on the right|
Like most Paris Métro stations, Château d'Eau station uses a side platform configuration with two tracks. As the Paris Métro runs inversely to normal French trains, the eastern platform is used by northbound trains to Porte de Clignancourt and the western platform by southbound ones to Porte d'Orléans or Mairie de Montrouge.
Entrances and exits
Access to the station is provided by two stairways at 51 and 53 Boulevard de Strasbourg; an exit is provided at 40 Rue du Château d'Eau with an upwards escalator to the street. Château d'Eau is one of a series of status on Line 4 which run underneath the north-south axis created by Boulevard de Strasbourg and Boulevard de Sébastopol. This is in part due to the cut-and-cover nature of the Paris Métro, in which a major thoroughfare was dug up from street level and then re-covered after the tracks and stations were built.
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