Charles Anderson (governor)
|27th Governor of Ohio|
August 29, 1865 – January 8, 1866
|Preceded by||John Brough|
|Succeeded by||Jacob Dolson Cox|
|7th Lieutenant Governor of Ohio|
January 11, 1864 – August 29, 1865
|Preceded by||Benjamin Stanton|
|Succeeded by||Andrew McBurney|
|Member of the Ohio Senate
from the Montgomery & Warren Counties district
December 2, 1844 – December 6, 1846
|Preceded by||Joseph Barnett|
|Succeeded by||John Hopkins|
June 1, 1814|
|Died||September 2, 1895
|Alma mater||Miami University|
|Years of service||August 9, 1862 -
February 21, 1863
|Unit||93rd Ohio Infantry|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Charles Anderson (Governor of Ohio).|
Anderson was born in Louisville, Kentucky, to a prominent family; his father was an aide to the Marquis de Lafayette during the American Revolution. Anderson graduated from Miami University in 1833, studied law and was admitted to the Ohio bar. He moved to Dayton, Ohio, where he began a law practice and was later elected county prosecutor.
In 1844, Anderson was elected to the Ohio Senate and made a name for himself as an advocate for black rights. He then moved to Texas for health reasons. He gave an impassioned speech in San Antonio in December 1860, strongly opposing secession and calling for the "perpetuity of the national Union." Angry local pro-Confederates threatened Anderson and arrested him without charge, but Anderson escaped and returned with his family to Dayton.
President Abraham Lincoln sent Anderson on a pro-Union speaking tour of Europe, after which Anderson accepted command of the 93rd Ohio Infantry and was commissioned in the Union Army as a colonel. Badly wounded at the Battle of Stones River, Anderson resigned his commission and returned to Ohio to recuperate.
Anderson served less than five months, until January 8, 1866. Ohio historian Dwight L. Smith wrote that his brief term in office was "uneventful... [and] the services he performed were merely routine."
After leaving the governorship, Anderson resumed his legal practice and moved back to Kentucky, where he died at the age of 81.
Anderson's brother, Major Robert Anderson, was also a United States Army officer, notable for his defense of Fort Sumter at the outset of the American Civil War. Another brother, William Marshall Anderson, was a noted explorer, politician, and briefly a member of the New Virginia Colony of ex-Confederates in Mexico during the reign of Emperor Maximilian. (Note: Rev. William C. Anderson, who served as President of Miami University from 1849 to 1854, is sometimes erroneously cited as an Anderson brother.)
- Reid, Whitelaw (1868). "93rd Ohio Infantry". Ohio in the War Her Statesmen Generals and Soldiers. 2. Cincinnati: The Robert Clarke Company. p. 517.
- "Ohio Governor Charles Anderson". National Governors Association. Retrieved August 5, 2012.
- "Chris Anderson". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
- See Huntington Library papers: http://content.cdlib.org/view?docId=kt98700720&doc.view=entire_text&brand=oac
- Ohio History Central bio for Charles Anderson
- National Governors Association:Ohio Governor Charles Anderson
- Charles Anderson at Find a Grave
|Lieutenant Governor of Ohio
|Governor of Ohio
Jacob D. Cox